Assessing the Viability
Assessing the Viability of Cost-Benefit Analysis Tool in Evaluation of the National Water Quality Initiative
Americans are the nation that cares about the quality of water. For decades, enormous resources, both public and private, have been invested in improving and preserving the quality of water and protecting it as a resource. In 2012, a new National Water Quality Initiative was established. This initiative is a perfect example of how a great number of different partners, state, federal, and local, can join in empowering private landowners to create not only private but a public benefit of water quality. The National Water Quality Initiative gives good results now and will give even more in the future.
Water is a very important resource worldwide. The United States use more than 400 billion gallons of water per day. Thus, the problem of quality of water and its amount is urgent.
A top priority of National Water Quality Initiative is clean water. This initiative is a part of the White House Rural Council of Obama Administration. This department is co-working with farmers, forest owners, and ranchers in order to make better conservation of working lands in rural America. National Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) works with ranchers and farmers to improve water management on farms with the usage of system approach. Landowner participation is completely voluntary; however, many see it as a beneficial way of reducing input costs and enhancing productivity of their land through more efficient usage of rainfall and improved soil health.
Read also: "Academic Book Review: How to Complete It"
Thus, the purposes of this co-operation are also control, avoidance of water pollution, and trapping pollutants. In other words, the goal of the National Water Quality Initiative is to stop fertilizer, farm waste, pesticides, sediments, and herbicides at or before the fields edge in order of not letting them run into the water.
The National Water Quality Initiative focuses on key watersheds in each state where the chances of on-farm conservation investments to improve water quality are the highest. Water conservation practices are benefit for agricultural producers as they lower input costs and enhance the productivity. These conservation investments will lead to well-managed farms with limited pollution and runoff from producing fiber and food, sustained rural economies, and food security of the nation.
The National Water Quality Initiative is based on a research list of the impaired waterways. It inputs to it from local and state partners of NRCS that helped to pick the watersheds finally selected as a focal area. The initiative is also planning to build on the ongoing efforts in the Great Lakes, Mississippi River Basin, Chesapeake Bay, and the rest of landscape conservation initiatives across the United States.
In 2012, NRCS identified 157 selected watersheds with assistance from its key partners, state agencies, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), State Technical Committees (United States Department of Agriculture, 2012). In 2013, NRCS identified 165 small watersheds to improve.
Millions of dollars of financial assistance from NRCS will be available to ranchers, farmers, and forest landowners in order to implement conservation practices that will help to provide cleaner water. In 2012, NRCS provided 34 million dollars, and in 2013, it is providing nearly 35 million dollars as a financial assistance for the initiative.
The National Water Quality Initiative is coordinated with state and local agencies, nongovernmental organizations, conservation districts, and other institutions to implement the initiative. For instance, as the National Water Quality Initiative was established, Arizona was directed for setting aside 5 percent of the states General EQIP allocation in order to fund the initiative. Thus, for FY 2012 Arizona set aside in excess of $700,000 to address high?priority water resource concerns in selected watersheds with streams or water bodies that have been documented as impaired by the US Environmental Protection Agency. As a result, 3 watersheds were treated by NRCS.
NRCS assure a National Water Quality Initiative plans to provide 2.8 million dollars toward land management practices that focus on improving water quality in a sub watershed of the Trinity River Basin in Navarro, the Chambers Creek Watershed, and Ellis Counties.
The National Water Quality Initiative with NRCS use funds of the Environmental Quality Incentives Program, so NRCS promises to provide technical and financial assistance to those who produce implementing conservation practices such as nutrient management, cover crops, terraces, and filter strips.
The landowners, ranchers, or farmers who participate in the National Water Quality Initiative will receive conservation payments for working on their land in a sustainable way that provides cleaner water. Thus, the land will be still productive in the future, which is an additional benefit. In addition, communities will have safer drinking water, clean waterways, and healthy habitat for wildlife and fish.
The National Water Quality Initiative is a perfect example of how a great number of different partners, state, federal, and local, can come together and co-operate in order of empowering private landowners for creation of not only private but a public benefit of water quality. The protection of water resources of the United States is very important and requires urgent actions. The National Water Quality Initiative gives good results now, as the quality of water gets better. The National Water Quality Initiative will help to keep the land productive and water clean for future generations of Americans.