Liberty and Political Liberalism
According to Terry Cooper, a responsible administrator thinks ethically thereby acquiring the much needed freedom that would enable him or her and the like-minded to have more anticipation and develop the ability to see whatever is on the way coming in a way that is more than the strategic sense thus becoming even much more better administrators (ooper, 2006). The writer urges administrators to be responsible by developing certain skills whenever they are thinking about problems with ethics, without which they won’t be able to overcome certain events, and thus become unable to see wherever they are headed. In addition, it will constrain choice and curtail freedom of those concerned due to the unforeseen impacts of their actions.
Anybody who believes in liberty is presumed to be a liberal. Such people are of the view that liberty carries a political value whereby it is said that humans naturally possess a unique state of ideal freedom to control their lives. Indeed, as Grey (2007) observes Any move to oppose liberty will portray how liberty favors freedom. Negative liberty is of the opinion that an individual would only lack political liberty when prevented by another human being or beings. It is of the view that attaining freedom is simply an issue of what one can achieve the options available to that person, in spite of whether one exercises them or not (Miller, 1991).
The British neo-Hegelians came to a conclusion that an individual is not free if he or she does things subject to a craving or force that can never be controlled. In addition to this positive conception, it is also said that a free individual is one who determines her actions, effectively determines oneself and his or her life .According to Henderich (2005) positive liberty implies that such a person does not ascribe to custom, is not guided by compulsions and is not in the habit of short term enjoyments while overlooking the long term.
Taking liberalism as comprehensive for many philosophers would mean that it covers ethical theory, a general theory of value, and an epistemology. Rasmussen & Uly (2005) noted that political liberalism aims at providing a political framework that will be seen to be neutral of various people’s opinions. In any case, if the purpose is to be a basis for public thought, liberalism must be limited to political principles that are agreed upon by all reasonable citizens. This stand takes into account constitutional principles thus a democratic process since basic civil liberties are upheld.
In considering all those aspects of liberalism such as nature of liberty, place of property and democracy in a fair civilization, we notice that liberty forms the main stem political value. Liberals have stood firm in their conviction and have thus rejected calls for political right by groups such as the conservatives cry concerning eroding of traditional virtues and values, the radicals view concerning the overriding value of equality and the communitarians’ foul cry about how freedom is trumped by demands of belongingness.
- Cooper,T.(2006). The responsible administrator. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons.
- Grey, J. (2007). Enlightenment's wake: Politics and culture at the close of the modern age. Routledge
- Henderich, T. (2005). The Oxford companion to philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press
- Miller, D. (ed.), 1991, Liberty, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2nd ed., The Liberty Reader, Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, 2006
- Rasmussen, D., & Uly, D. (2005). Norms of liberty: a perfectionist basis for non-perfectionist politics. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press