Sep 19, 2019 in Case Studies

Deforestation And Human Lives

Introduction

Deforestation is a concern for the environment because of its impact on human lives and on climate changes. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of the forests around the earth with the aim of benefiting oneself. Deforestation may take place to create available land for human settlements, get charcoals and timbers and other uses. Human beings or animals may cause deforestation. According to the United Nation's and Food Agricultural Organization statistics, it shows that estimates of 18 million acres that are equivalent to 7.3 hectares are lost each year globally as a result of deforestation. Statistics shows that half of the tropical forests in the world have been cleared through deforestation. According to the National Geography, only thirty percent of the world's land is covered with forest. Research from Nature Geoscience indicates that forest loss contributes to between six and twelve percent of global carbon dioxide emission. Based on the research carried out, deforestation is spreading at higher rates throughout the world's forest mass. Deforestation contributes positive and negative impacts on human lives. Deforestation has got more negative effects than the positive effects. Therefore, the relevant bodies dealing with forest worldwide should focus on reducing deforestation globally. What are the geographical locations of deforestation worldwide?Deforestation occurs in most parts of the world, it is not restricted to some continents while leaving others untouched. Deforestation takes place in areas in the tropical rainforest. According to NASA statistics, if deforestation continues, in some years to come there will be no forests in the world. The most significant locations where deforestation have significantly affected are Indonesia, Brazil, Democratic Republic of Congo and other parts of Africa, and Eastern Europe countries Among all these countries Indonesia have been reported with the highest cases of deforestation. According to report from United States of Maryland and the World Resource Institute shows that 15.79 million hectares of the forest in Indonesia have been lost.

Throughout the history, research shows that deforestation has increased in the past fifty years worldwide. Ninety percent of United States continent, indigenous forests started depleting since the year 1600 up to date. Therefore, this shows that United States cannot be relied on for native forest, and they are extinct. According to the World Resources Institute report in last year, showed there are few native forests remaining in the world. The only remaining indigenous forests are in Russia, Alaska, Northwestern Amazon basin, and Canada. Therefore, this indicates that most of the tropical rainforests are destroyed by human activities and animals. What are the causes of deforestation?There are many causes of deforestation varying from one country to another. Research shows that the primary reason for cutting trees and destroying indigenous forest is to use forests for fuels. This is the reason as to why most people destroy forest illegally in most parts of the world. Apart from use as fuels, most human destroy forests to have land available for housing and others for urbanization. In countries like Malaysia, where the population is high, the government has opted to destroy forests and created room to build houses to ease the population pressure. Some timbers are used for commercial purposes such as making papers, furniture and for building. Some trees such as palm tree are used to prepare ingredients are used for prize consumers such as the oils. Other countries like Canada clear existing forests to create available space for cattle ranching. Deforestation can be caused by animals more so in the tropical rainforests that act as habitat for wild animals. During their migration and movement, they destroy the trees by making them fall, and some animals like giraffe eat parts of the trees. The findings were got from a report of the World Wild Fund. Therefore, eating of parts of the trees causes the tree to die and eventually dries. During heavy falls, some trees are swept away by the flood. According to report from the World Forest Conservation showed that in places where the rainfall is high, some trees fall and are carried away. Although, precipitation contributes to the insignificant percentage of deforestation, it is also a risk factor. The Natural Resources Defense Council stated that the common methods of deforestation included the burning of trees and clear cutting. The two ways end up leaving the land barren and unproductive. What is the relationship between deforestation and global climate change?According to Professor Michael Daley, of environmental science at Lasell College in Newtown, argued that the global carbon cycle is highly affected by deforestation. High percentage of carbon dioxide gas is emitted into the atmosphere by greenhouses gasses. Emission of the Carbon dioxide gas in the air can cause climate change. Carbon dioxide emission also depletes the Ozone layer and, therefore, releases ultraviolet layers. The U.V lights have adverse effects on the human body as they cause cancers to human being. Therefore, deforestation reduces the amount of carbon dioxide gas that is emitted in the air. Therefore, deforestation has an impact on the carbon emitted in the atmosphere by the trees. Cutting of trees reduces this gas. What are the effects of deforestation?Forests are ecosystems that can affect most species on the planet especially when they are degraded. According to National Geographic statistics, the data showed that seventy percent of animals and plants in the earth live in the forest. Therefore, when deforestation takes place, they end up losing their habitat. This has led to most species becoming extinct more so animals that lived in United States indigenous forest. Deforestation has negative impacts on medical researchers and the local population who rely on animals and plants for their research.

Once the forests are cleared, human being cannot obtain the species. The species can be destroyed when the forests are burnt or when trees are cut. Trees are necessary during the water cycle process. Therefore, deforestation reduces the number of trees and, therefore, no evaporation takes place in the forest. In the long run, reducing of forests can affect the amount of rainfall expected in an area. According to North Carolina State University, trees are used to reduce water pollution. However, with the increased deforestation throughout the world it has caused water pollution, and the water catchments are destroyed. Also, according to National Geographic Society report it indicates that in Amazon more than half of the water found in an ecosystem is held within plants. Therefore, it creates need to conserve the forests. Forests prevent soil erosion through the use of tree roots. The roots prevent soil erosion by anchoring the soil and therefore, preventing the soil from being carried by wind and rain. As such, without the trees, the soil becomes loose and can be washed by water and the wind easily. According to World Wild Fund, states that a third of the world's barren land has been lost through deforestation since 1960. This is contributed by cutting of cash crops such as coffee, palm oil, and soy plantations. Since deforestation in Haiti, the country has experienced soil erosion caused by floods and landslides. Although, the state has tried to plant trees, they are not as strong as the indigenous trees to hold the soil firmly. Soil erosion can reduce water quality especially in periods of heavy rainfall. Soil carried by water enters into lakes, streams, and other water sources polluting water quality. As a result, it contributes to the ill health of the populations consuming that water.

 

What are the remedies of deforestation? The best way to deal with deforestation worldwide is replanting more trees. This will help curb the problems alleviated during deforestation. Although reforestation will not return the s situation back to normal, it will try to reestablish some systems. Therefore, reforestation will restore back the ecosystems facilitated by forests such as water recycling, carbon storage, and wildlife habitat. Therefore, Planting of trees will create habitat for the wild animals and other plants. Animals that were displaced during deforestation they will find their way back to their habitat. Reforestation has impacts on the human being as it shifts the population to consume diets based on plants, and this will reduce the need for rearing livestock in the land. Therefore, forests will not be cut for building ranches. The Global Forest Watch initiated programs to create awareness among people to counteract deforestation. The programs aim at educating people on the importance of preserving the forest.What is the effect increased population on deforestation? Worldwide, forests have been cleared by the human being for settlement purposes. Most people in various parts of the world have cleared forest to build more houses for their settlement. A research carried out in Southern East Asia showed that due to an increase of populations in the country, people have continued to clear existing forest to settle there. As the population rises, there is a need to look for more land to settle in.

Most parts of southern Asia are occupied by human population and only a small percentage is occupied by forest. Due to the high congestion in the urban areas, people seek to settle in areas that are not densely populated and, therefore, they get their way out in the forests. Research shows that in fifty to seventy years earth's population will ranges from twelve billion to sixteen billions, and this will push most people to cut the remaining forest to settle. What are the contributions of deforestation on poverty? Deforestation is the mother of most poverty that human being experience. Researchers have shown that cutting down on the tree can increase and reduce poverty. Forests prevent soil erosion to take place and also the heavy runoffs. Once the trees are cut down, the fertile top soil suitable for agriculture is washed away, leaving behind weak soil. The poor soil cannot support healthy crops, and this reduces the yield dramatically. In South East Asia, where they are heavy downfalls, the runoffs become deep that they kill the rice varieties in plantation reducing the yields. This occurs in a most area where forests are destroyed and thereby, soil erosion takes place. Forests like in Canada East Europe harbored animals. Once the forests were destroyed, these animals migrated, and others are extinct. Human being depends on some animals for their food, especially the group of people that live in the forest. The populations living in the forests are left with no food, and this leads to poverty. As we know, forests contribute to rainfall, therefore, once the forest are cleared the rainfall lessen. Low levels of rainfall affect the agricultural activities in most parts of the world. Some people get their food from the forest including, tree leaves, stems, fruits and many others.

Deforestation reduces food production for human being leaving most people without any source of food. Most of the countries, they depend on water from the forests for irrigation purpose. Clearing of the forest can affect agricultural activities because they are no available water to irrigation. Apart from the negative effects, deforestation creates space for human farming. Farming can do well especially in areas where farming is practiced on large scale farms. A human being can also get timber for sale and also charcoals. With deforestation, it reduces poverty among people as they can farm and enjoy the farm produce.

What is the role of deforestation in conflicts?Deforestation causes various types of conflicts among the populations. There exist conflicts on inequitable resources. Whereby, human being, fight over resources more so timbers and land for settlement. There emerge fights as human clear the forests to compete for settlement in areas with the forest. According to report of United Nation in United States shows how Haitian developed disputes over resources and lands. During deforestation, human beings fight for ownership of the available resource from the forests. Therefore, it is evident that deforestation leads to disputes and conflicts among people of different geographical areas and locations. Some people fight as they stop each other from clearing the forests.

In additional, other individuals fight as they try to have access and control of resources. There are also disputes whereby, people conflict on which side one want to settle. There are parts that are believed to be more fertile than others all where there are rivers and streams running through. To determine who is to settle where, they are conflicts that are experienced. What is the effect of deforestation on human health?According to the researchers carried out, they state how deforestation affects the health of people either directly or indirectly. In ancient days, most people used medicinal plants that grew in the indigenous forest. With the continuous cutting and clearly of the forests, the medicinal plants are also cut down. In present Europe, there are no single herbs that can be got because they are extinct. Therefore, diseases that are cured by those trees have posed challenges to doctors.

Therapeutic researchers do not have enough plants to enable them carry their research. In present India, most of the medicines are got from the indigenous plant but with the increase of deforestation, researchers have failed to get enough medicine. There are no medicinal plants that can be planted because most of them only survived in indigenous plants. Deforestation causes water pollution especially along streams and rivers in the forest. Deforestation results in soil erosion; therefore, the soil is drained into the rivers, streams and lakes polluting the quality of water. This makes it harmful for human consumption and may result in the outbreak of diseases. Palm oil trees are some of the medicinal plants that existed in the indigenous forests. Once the forests were cleared more so in Indonesia, the plants became exist, and no more oil was produced. What are the impacts of deforestation on commercial agriculture?Based on human being lives, deforestation does not only have negative effects on the economy rather there are positive results. Based on the research that was carried in Southeast Asia, states that eighty percent of the forests were converted to agriculture. Due to deforestation, that part of land was set aside for agricultural. According to the statistics, in the year 1980, thirty percent of Philippines land was cultivated and converted to a cash crop growing area. Due to the high produce, the state is ranked among the leading export for sugar canes, pineapples, and bananas. Currently, Philippines have the largest market exporting sugarcane and pineapples worldwide. The islands of Negros, the forest, were decreased to about twenty thousand hectares that were used for cultivation. The area planted large sugarcane plantation and produced the most massive amounts of sugar in the Southeast Asia.Apart from Philippines, Thailand also cleared the indigenous forests in 1973 to 1982 and left the land for cultivation. There are cassava plantations that export over eight million tonnes. Thailand also has the largest market that exports cassava to other parts of the world. Other plantations that were put up after deforestation are the oil palm plantation, peanuts, soya beans and the rubber plantation. In Malaysia, the agriculture farm was expanded from 2.7 million to 4.7 million hectares for plantations since 1966 to 1990. Therefore, deforestation has raised the economy of some countries whereby, they have used their forests to plant agricultural products. This has improved both the local and international markets of the Southeast Asia countries. In short, deforestation does not only impact negatively on the agriculture of a country but also promotes its produce.

ConclusionIn conclusion, deforestation has both the negative and positive impacts on human beings and other social factors. Deforestation can improve the living standards of people varying from one geographical area to another. Some people can benefit from deforestation while others can be challenged by deforestation. This depends on how different regions view deforestation. However, deforestation has negative impacts including poverty, conflicts, health effects and agriculture. All these effects are felt by human being although they participate in deforestation.According to the research carried out by National Geography, shows that deforestation has occurred in almost every part of the world. Therefore soon if deforestation will continue the forest land mass in the world will reduce significantly. These will cause adverse impacts to human being and also to plants and other animals.

It is the responsibility of the agents dealing with the forest including United Nation, National Geography, National Geoscience, NASA and others to come together and fight against deforestation. Populations should know the importance of conserving indigenous forests to avoid cutting, clearing and burning of the forests. In places where deforestation have occurred more so in Canada, Asia, India, Indonesia among others, these countries should focus on planting more trees to reduce the impact of deforestation. Although, this may not address all the problems associated with deforestation it will reduce the effects.

Therefore, reforestation will enable reduce loss of forests that may occur in future. In areas that deforestation has taken place, and it is irreversible, those settling there should take advantage of the situation and improve their standards of living through agricultural activities

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