1. I think that Johann should not change any details in his resume in order to get this job. I agree with his suggestion that some of the criteria for this position are not a true reflection of ones ability. However, a wise option for Johann would be to explain to the employer that he has related skills and can develop those needed for the job rather than provide false information in his resume. If I was Johann, I would write a cover letter that would explain how can I obtain the required skills and contribute to the job, without altering the information about his GPA, leading skills, and knowledge of the SpyEye X program. I would have admitted that I may not meet all the criteria now, though I am ready to learn and will reveal my potential later. However, I would do so only if I was sure that I could sort out the program, and if I was ready to take responsibility and make decisions as a team leader.
2. I believe that slight exaggeration in ones resume will not do as such harm as outright lies, as criteria for the job are often exaggerated as well. For example, I am sure that slight differences in ones GPA will not considerably impair the productivity or an employees ability to perform the tasks. I believe that a capable employee can learn to do any activity related to their job if they are guided correctly. Therefore, I suggest that employers should seek candidates taking into consideration not only compliance with the job criteria, but also the potential and talent that could later bring more significant results than simple meeting the criteria and following the instructions.
3. I think lying in a resume and during interviews are widespread for several reasons. First of all, not all candidates can meet the job requirements; thus, they exaggerate some details in their resumes. This fact is conditioned by high competition on the market. There are not many good positions, while a large number of candidates desperately seek a decent job. In addition, the requirements are often very high, and candidates have no choice but to lie during their interviews in order to get the job they want. As with Johann, graduates often have no working experience yet, and they cannot acquire it as the employers seek candidates who already have working experience and refuse to hire talented graduates who have no such experience. This is the vicious circle that prevents graduates from acquiring working experience and having a good job. It has unwanted consequences not only for students, but employers as well. What I am trying to say is that employers miss the opportunity to hire talented workers who may have more potential than regular candidates who meet the requirements. Another reason for lying on a resume and during interviews is an intention to hide some information that could harm the employee later if they are hired. For example, possible discrimination may become a reason for hiding some personal information in ones resume. This may include hiding information about criminal records, ones marital/relationship status, sexual orientation, mental health problems, and so on (Johnson, 2012). Third reason for lying is the desire to get a higher salary or more privileged status at work through reporting higher salaries on previous jobs or claiming honors and bonuses the candidates did not have. Such an outright lie often has serious consequences once it is unveiled.
4. If an applicant got caught on lying on the resume or during the interview, there may be several unpleasant consequences for them. First of all, the candidate may not get a job offer or they can lose the job if they have already been hired. It is important for an applicant to remember that a lie can be revealed much later after they are hired. Lying on a resume may result in embarrassing situations, once the lie is exposed. Another possible consequence may be bad reputation acquired as a result of being caught lying. After such an incident, it may be hard for the applicant to get a new job as HR managers may spread a word about their deceit. Serious damage can be done when an applicant lies about their skills that are critical to the position they applies for. The inability to perform the tasks may considerably impair the employees reputation and decrease their chances to keep the job.
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There are unwanted consequences of candidates lying for the employer as well. First of all, the quality of work may be impaired due to the employees lack of skill. An unqualified worker can expose other employees to risk by not being able to accomplish a team task or a project. Lack of qualification can even jeopardize other peoples lives if the employee is not able to follow the safety regulations in the workplace, for instance.
5. In order to prevent resume fraud, HR managers can make a background check of the resume. This may include some tests on specific skills and knowledge, request for official proof of ones academic degree, investigating employment history by checking all the references provided by the candidate, and so on (Johnson, 2012). It would be useful to state in an Offer Letter that lying on the resume may cause possible firing or legal issues. If all the preventing methods have been used and cheating has still taken place, there are two ways for the employer to solve the situation. First, the employer may fire the employee or reject their application for a job. Second, the employer can tolerate some exaggerated information if the position is unimportant, or if the applicant is highly recommended by a trusted source.