How to Better the Environment
Contemporary world is being transformed technologically at an alarming rate. While many appreciate the fact that technology changes life by making it easier than the beginning, there is another group of people who perceive the development as a dangerous trend. Environmental advocacy group have been very vocal and have played a pivotal role at the frontline in opposing technological development that they deem can be a threat to the environment. It is, indeed, very true saying that technological development have been one of the genesis of environmental degradation. Other causative agents of the ever deteriorating conditions of environmental pollution are extreme human activities such as deforestation, natural calamities such as landslide, wildly animals, and change in climatic and weather patterns. Nevertheless, many forms of environmental pollution can be traced from adverse effects of the technological development. This paper is set to evaluate various forms of environmental pollution. Current paper will assess and devise effective strategic plan that will mitigate various forms of environmental degradation.
Forms of Environmental Degradation
Environmental pollution is a term that can be explained in an extensive manner. It covers all forms of behavioural misconducts that deteriorating status of various natural resources such as soils. As a result, it is worth highlighting some of these forms pollutions and how they occur. One of the major environmental pollution is deforestation of natural as well as artificial forests. With the recent technological advancement, demand for forests resources has more than quadrupled. There are factories that rely on trees as the sole source of fuel while others use it as a raw material that is later transformed to final products such as papers. Adding the above mentioned demand to the traditional purpose of forest resources of providing firewood to homesteads, especially in the developing nations, the tree felling malpractice has increased at an alarming rate. The ever deteriorating condition of soils has sound a warning for various advocacy groups, which are concerned with good posterity. Continuous use of synthetic fertilizers exacerbated the natural condition of the soils. One of the major reasons behind the phenomenon is alteration of the soil PH, thus, resulting to low crop yields. Additionally, farming malpractices such as loosening and exposing of the soil has acted a major led to massive loss of soil through erosion, thus compromising the soil fertility due to loss of nutrients.
Air is another natural resource that has been subjected to the draconian nature of technological development. The industrial boom has led to increased release of harmful and poisonous gases such as sulphur and carbon dioxide. When some of the dangerous gases are inhaled, they make a person susceptible to chronic related diseases such as asthma. Additionally, massive accumulation of gases such as carbon dioxide has led to depletion of protective ozone layer. As a result, harmful ultra-violet sun rays reach the earth, thus, causing deadly diseases such as cancer. Intensive sun rays have adverse effects on forest resources. They lead to land desertification. Indeed, it is very true that world’s major deserts such as Sahara and Kalahari have continued growing extensively as a result of reduced rainfall duration and increased sun heat.
Major water bodies such as oceans, seas, lakes, and rivers have been subjected to environmental pollution. They have been increased inflow of eroded soil leading to massive siltation. Moreover, deadly farm chemicals end being deposited in the water bodies. Chemical fertilizers that end up in the soil as a result of not being utilized by plants end up being deposited in seas and oceans. They end leading to proliferation of aquatic plants resulting to unnecessary competition for the limited oxygen with the aquatic animals. Moreover, excessive loss of water through vaporization has increased basicity and saltiness interfering with the aquatic life.
Industrial innovation has also increased the pace of innovation and production of items that are perceived as harmful by the goodwill ambassadors of environmental conservation. Some of the final products are completely transformed to chemicals that cannot be decomposed or broken down at all. For instance, plastics are artificially industrial made products, which cannot decompose no matter length of time they remain discarded. Most of non-biodegradable industrial products end up being dumped in landfills. Many others are thrown all over, thus, littering the environment. Despite there being innovative ideas that can help manage the waste, a large population burn the waste releasing harmful gases such as sulphur, nitrogenous, and carbon dioxide. Most of the plastics are formed as a result of chemical bonding of poisonous chemicals, which are later released in the gaseous form upon combustion. Briefly, there are many forms of environmental pollutions within the contemporary society.
Most of them fall under the aforementioned categories. Nonetheless, it is worth noting that there is one thing that is common with all forms of environmental pollution, many of them are caused by the adverse effect of the technological advancement. This leads to a general assumption that environmental advocacy groups could have a point when they oppose some forms of the technological development. It must be that the environmentalists carry out an analytical study and arrived with conclusion perceived side effects to the environment will surpasses expected benefits. Therefore, such developments ought to be opposed in the highest terms possible since they will do more harm than good to the future generations. However, is it possible to reverse the already caused damage to the environment and restore it backs to its natural condition? The question is worth pondering on as various environmental rehabilitation remedies remained under evaluation in the nest step of the research.
Application of Mechanisms that Mitigate the Environmental Degradation
Afforestation or Re-afforestation of Bare Land
Agenda of rehabilitating any bare land by planting trees should be prioritized. Public forests that have been subjected to massive cutting down of trees should be restored by planting trees in it. Same case should applied to the any bare land was naturally bare in order to increase forest cover. Furthermore, farmers should be encouraged to use environmental friendly ways of farming such as embracing of agroforestry. Here, they should be taught the importance of increasing the tree cover in their farms to a minimum of 10% of their total land size. Increasing tree population is significant with regard to changing microclimatic of an area. It may result to making the area start receiving rainfall even if it never used to in the beginning. However, one major challenge in achieving an optimal tree cover is the over-reliance on forest resources for fuel especially in the developing nations.
One cannot deny the fact that tree acts as the sole source of cooking fuel for majority of households in such countries. In order to address the challenge, the people need to be encouraged to embrace friendly ways in the use of trees. For instance, they should use energy saving cooking stoves that are efficient in minimizing firewood consumption and optimizing on heat energy utilization. They should also be taught on the importance of using innovative products such as bio charcoal. Bio charcoal is a fuel product made from charcoal dust, which is considered waste. Such ideas would be of immense contribution towards reducing the rate at which forest resources are being degraded. The pace of cutting trees for firewood would reduce ensuring that “a tree” is conserved for the future generation. Industries that rely on forestation for their operation should be encouraged to donate trees as a form of carbon credit. As a result, they would be deemed active in terms of operating green companies.
Use of Organic Fertilizer and Embracing Quality Farming Practices
An organic fertilizer refers to any chemical free substance obtained from the natural resources and has capability of improving soil fertility upon application. The organic fertilizers can be categorized into green, farmyard, or compost manure depending on its source. Application of the organic fertilizer is very beneficial as it leads to increased soil fertility, regulates soil PH, conforms the soil nutrients to a form that be readily absorbed by plants, improved the soil structure and texture, as well as, binding the soil particles together. Continuous use of the fertilizer has no adverse effect to the soil unlike the synthetic fertilizer. Instead, it keeps on improving soil fertility. Moreover, the organic fertilizer helps restore acidic soil backs to its natural PH. On the other hand, use of quality farming practices would help to increase its compaction reducing its erosion susceptibility. For instance, minimal tillage is an excellent environmentally friendly farming practice since there is minimal disturbance of the soil. Combination of the two farming practices would mitigate soil degradation in terms of quality and quantity.
Enactment of Air Pollution Regulatory Policies
Companies and industries that release poisonous chemicals to the air should be made to pay for the harm they cause to the environment. For instance, they should be able to should be made to fund environmentally related projects and initiatives. As such, they would be deemed to have taken an active role towards the environmental conservation through a program that is referred to as carbon crediting. Amount of contribution should correspond with level of pollution the industry is causing in order to encourage it seek ways that will mitigate such pollution. The companies that shows strong will towards the idea should be declared “green” in order to encourage others participate towards the noble course.
Discouraging Excess Use of Chemicals in Farming
The farmers should be encouraged to embrace minimal use of chemicals in their farms. As such, they would have an indirect impact in terms of reducing the level of chemical deposition in large water bodies such as the oceans. Moreover, use of organic farming practices where possible would help ensure that the water bodies would remain safe in case the organic farming substances are washed to the rivers and lakes. It would be hard experience the adverse effects such as proliferation of aquatic plants. Moreover, the aquatic life would not be under any form of threat. Unlike chemicals, organic fertilizers among other substance have zero side effects towards living organism.
Recycling On the Non-Biodegradable Industrial Wastes
As it has been discussed earlier, plastic wastes from industries cannot decompose at all. Therefore, it becomes a menace whenever a question about their deposition arises. In fact, it has become a very big challenge whenever an authority is devising proper ways of managing the non-biodegradable waste. Use of such products is on the rise, so is release of the waste. Eventually, people end up littering the environment or accumulating all spaces left in the landfills. Some councils end up burning such waste, thus, releasing poisonous gases in the atmosphere. Indubitably, this is not the best management option of such waste. There is need to think outside the box and embrace practices such as recycling the material. The plastic waste products can be made useful again by making plastic post among other items. Incidentally, plastic poles are the best compared to wooden ones as they cannot be destroyed by pests such as termite. The organizations should be encouraged to buy such products in order to promote the environmental conservation initiative.
The initiative to save and make environment look good should declared the sole responsibility of each and every individual, organization, the government bodies, among other agencies. Everybody needs a safe a clean environment in order to thrive. One of the best was to become the environmental ambassador is trying as much as possible to change the daily habits. A good idea is to begin by embracing ways that would decrease the rate of water and energy consumption. Changing transportation habit can also be of significant contribution in relation to environmental conservation. For instance, using public means when going to work instead of personal means would help reduce carbon emissions to the air.