Feb 6, 2020 in Exploratory

Political Sciences
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Political Sciences: Air Quality in China Memorandum

The purpose of this memorandum is to explore the quality of air in China, defining the major indices and the factors contributing to the current state of air in the region. The air in China has extremely high pollution indices, which are revealed through the spread of tine particle which come from steel plants and coal-fired power stations for creating putty-colored smog. Currently, Beijing has issues the first pollution warning, closing factories, schools and construction sites to stay away from the foci of polluting air. The point is that the rapid economic and industrial development in China has tremendously contributed to the economic success and market expansion. On the other hand, the increased percentage of heavy production has an inevitable outcome for the environment and air quality. Specifically, the Chinese citizens are in front of ecological catastrophe. Therefore, the corresponding measures should be taken by the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection. 

Executive Summary

The current analysis of the air pollution in China has revealed significant problems and threats to the health and welfare of its citizens. The air quality standards in China are not met and, as a result, the government has to search for alternative ways, which could help the authorities to solve the problem. The Chinese Ministry should be aware of the fact that the large percentage of heavy industry and dense population makes it difficult to reduce the amount of dangerous particles in the air. However, it should be stressed that only 1 % of people can enjoy breathing fresh air, which meets the current standards. Therefore, the list of recommendations and options should be proposed revert the catastrophe.

 

Background/History

Previously, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection addressed the problem of smog, but without tangible success. Specifically, it has been stated that the Ministry had already made alarms and warning regarding the smog issue, but more resolute steps should be made. China’s environmental protection published a report in 2010, which demonstrated that almost a third of cities failed to meet the current air standards. According to the statistics, the worst air is in China, and a fifth of Chinese people in urban area have been polluted. Many places have foci of leaded gasoline and high-sulfur coal. Third of 340 Chinese cities are controlled to meet the government’s pollution standards. China’s smog-filled cities are surrounded with metal smelters, coal-fired plants, and heavy industry, which prevent the government from controlling the current level of air pollution. It should also be stressed that only 1 percent of Chine’s cities breathe save air, which meets the European Union standards. 

The Chinese Ministry has worked on the plans to reduce congestion and introduce new alternative ways of energy use. The plans will be launched this year, and the city environmental production program had prepared a new draft for the reducing the influence of coal burning and steel plant activities. The executive director of the Traffic Research Center of China Mao Baohua, a government-affiliated tank told the meeting that daily congestion change should be established between 20 and 50 yuan. The purpose of introducing fines is to make it easier for the residents to move around the region. The amount is to be tied to the routes of each motorist, as well as how many times they have passed through specific areas. The report has presented unnamed experts. The shifts in congestion are enforced in other cities, such as Singapore, Stockholm, and London. The schemes have proved to be acknowledged, but they met some criticism in terms of costs imposed on the motorists and the influences on businesses in the proposed region. 

Options

The fact that the government takes resolute steps on reducing the number of particles and issues red alert to people is already the progress, which could lead to the positive outcomes in fighting with air pollution in China. Specifically, the government also agreed to introduce National Air Pollution Action Plan to cut back the use of coal in the metropolitan regions. The point is that the pollution of the capital of the city is associated with the China’s frequent use of coal as the means of fuel in industries, leading to the environmental pollution. Coal burning, however, is the major source of contamination in the country, and the government considers it logical that reduction of coal burning will improve the situation in the future. The use of alternative energies will be the best way to save the situation. Additionally, Greenpeace has been analyzing the obtained data from 190 cities, proving that 15 % of them witness the increase of the air pollution indices. The national authorities consider it essential to introduce the renewable energy, grasping the large percentage of the whole power utilization in China, eating up the market of cal. The new coal plants could still be proposed and invested, but there should be new markets opened to the consumers in an attempt to purify the air and reduce the threat to life of Chinese citizens.

It is evident that Chinese economic and health performance have been damaged by the degraded air quality, and the power of the current assessments to affect the current policy has been proposed by ambiguous nature. More comprehensive and reliable estimates relied on detailed energy and emissions, which could take control of environmental policy and orient public and official opinion to increase preventive action. Additionally, 

Recommendations

As it can be seen from the above-presented analysis and estimations, the environmental regulations should become an inherent component of the strategies initiated by the Chinese Ministry; otherwise, it can have inevitable outcomes on the health welfare and mortality rates. To enlarge on the issue, the study focuses on environmental regulations and infant mortality to prove that the attempt to regulate air pollution is directly associated with the currently associated with mortality rates. Indeed, China suffers significantly from environmental pollution and the health effects have contributed to the current health concern. The test proposed in the study also showed that there are significant improvements in the correlation between the environmental pollution rates and overall healthcare rate. The current proposals in the sphere of environmental protection should be introduced immediately to reduce the threat of catastrophe. As such, China can redirect its production process and places an emphasis on the agricultural sphere, producing new types of products and food. There are many implications for adhering to the environmental protection regulations. First of all, the trends are essential for meeting the international standards of air pollution control. Second, the current trends can also attract new investments in Chinese economics. Finally, such an approach which could be implemented can also provide new economic and political implications, along with the strong motivation to curb aggressive air pollution because protecting environment is much more important that expanding industrial markets.

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