Jun 26, 2019 in Exploratory

The Problem of Rainforests in South America

The protection of the natural world is a must due to the weather changes, frequent natural disasters, and ecological issues. Due to the above mentioned issues, people should oblige themselves to be responsible for the natural world and its resources. Moreover, it is a moral duty of every citizen to become an eco-friendly person, use the natural resources economically, and protect the natural world. South America is known for its spacious and ancient rainforest - a home for many animals and plants. Rainforest plants are rare and beneficial for human life and health. For example, 1 out of 4 ingredients of medicine is made from rainforest plants. However, the problem is that humans do not care about preservation of the rainforests but follow their personal interests that are related to gaining profits, cutting trees and destroying plants. 

I want to see changes in the ecological politics of South America, consciousness of the individuals concerning the environmental protection, and consumers’ attitudes to the ecological policy of the organizations. This essay is addressed to the group of students who are preoccupied with the environmental problems. Consequently, this paper intends to regard the problem of rainforests in South America and call humans to action to stop the destruction. The problem of deforestation will be solved with the help of identification of the reasons, necessary changes, and activities reducing deforestation. Changing the politics, becoming more ecologically conscious, and promoting sustainable consumer options should be applied as the ways of reducing deforestation. 

THE BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM

In the present times, South America more and more suffer from deforestation that destroyed 20% of the Amazon forests. One supposes European colonization a driving force of deforestation. Scientists predict that the situation can change for worse leading to cutting 20% of trees (Wallace 3). Such situation puts not only South American ecology under the threat but the world one too. In 2005, the Amazon was afflicted by a severe drought. It means that South America should protect their rainforest, as they are sources of moisture (Wallace 2). Brazil has become the center of the world largest emitters of greenhouse gas because of the wantonly cut and burned rainforests (Wallace 2). The key reasons for deforestation are related to the process of road making (Wallace 2). People should not justify their actions, as they are not less powerful than natural ones. Ruining the harmony and balance in the natural world, people neglect themselves and future of their children. 

 

THE NECESSITY OF CHANGES

Claim 1. Changing the Politics

In order to stop deforestation in South America, one should call the government to actions. There should be somebody responsible for domestic and international forest policies. Consequently, the role of activists and ecological organizations is to provoke the interest of the government. Such global treaty like the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species will be relevant here, as it protects not only rainforests but the endangered animal and plant species, as for them forests are their habitats (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora n.a.). Changing the ecological politics should include the point about banning of cutting the trees. Consequently, forests should be saved for the climate. One should not forget that humanity will not survive without natural resources and when destroying them, people condemn themselves to die. 

Based on this argument, it is a ‘must’ to change not only governmental politics but personal one to provide a good life for the future generations. People should regard themselves as a part of nature and be active when it comes to its protection. Rainforests are the sources of water, food, climate, and other benefits. Changing the politics will prove the desire of humanity to accumulate the natural goods and be in good terms with the natural world. The politics should touch not only the process of deforestation but the economic usage of natural resources and rubbish recycling, as people tend to throw rubbish in forest polluting forests, soil, water, and climate. For example, Brazil already demonstrates success in reducing deforestation shortening it from 10 square kilometers in 2000 till 5 square kilometers in 2011. Deforestation takes place in the dry seasons of the year as trees are cut down and burnt easily (Bucher at al 428). 

Changing the politics is possible with the help of the reliance on the domestic and international forest policies, suggesting ecological projects by the public organizations. 

Claim 2. Becoming More Ecologically Conscious

Not only government and ecological organizations are responsible for saving rainforests. People can also become more ecologically conscious and be a part of the movement for a deforestation-free future. First, people should make sure that the products they buy are made only from post-consumer content materials. Second, it is crucial to buy from companies that are ecologically friendly and committed to reducing deforestation through the promotion of an environmentally friendly purchasing policy. Thirdly, people should encourage their family, friends, and community to do something for saving ecology. It is crucial to be educated in ecology to become more conscious. For example, Amazons have implemented ‘Bolsa Floresta’ (the plan of reducing deforestation) saving paper and refusing from products that presuppose deforestation (Bucher et al 438).

Becoming more ecologically conscious is possible with the help of education of children of ecology, implementation of the environmental psychology, and development youth ecological organizations. 

Claim 3. Promoting Sustainable Consumer Options 

All business companies and organizations are preoccupied with the number of customers. Consequently, all their policies target consumer options. It means that consumers are the most ecologically proactive. The refusal to buy the products of the company that is not eco-friendly will make it change its policy to save its image and consumers. Moreover, consumers should involve other people in such a strategy to set the best example. The power of purchases can be used as a pressure on organizations that ignore good environmental practices. As a result, consumers should buy only certified or recycled wood products to support brands with zero deforestation policies and encourage other people to do the same. For example, the supermarkets are warned about criminal responsibility for providing the products based on deforestation. Only strong anti-deforestation polices can change the situation for better (Bucher et al 437). 

Promoting sustainable consumer options are possible with the help of the fines and penalties for the violation of the ecological policy by the organizations. 

OPPOSING ARGUMENTS

Opposition 1

Changing of Laws Cannot Protect Rainforests

Everybody knows that the government passes many laws and implement the diverse regulations. However, it does not mean that they will be active protectors of ecology. The process of the protection of rainforests in South America cannot be regulated only by the government, as there are other issues to solve. Ecology is only one of them. One should not rely on the government when it comes to the environment, as there are many corruptive officials that will benefit and encourage rainforest cutting for personal reasons. Forest protection programs are absolutely ineffective. Moreover, it is also difficult to stop the harmful behavior of people. It means that human priorities of the accumulation of financial and material benefits will not allow changing ecological politics. There is the growing demand for housing, as the population of South America is increasing. Consequently, deforestation is a must. For example, forest legislation is weak as the majority of regulations are based on administrative acts that are deprived of stability. 

Rebuttal 1

People should not rely only on government, but also on themselves. First, they should be interested in ecological policy of the countries and know all laws and regulations related to the rainforest protection. Moreover, they should look for other ways to develop the agricultural activities. Deforestation cannot in any way benefit the economy of South America. There are many lands that are less fertile but working on them people can fertilize them. Moreover , the role of government is to support such people’s agricultural activities. The result will be evident soon. Such policy of the government and people will benefit rainforests, agriculture, and balance the climate that suffers from not eco-friendly operations. Moreover, the government should suggest the projects of sky-scrapers to save the lands with rainforests. Enacting ambitious domestic and international forest policies will have wide-ranging effects. Additionally, the government should implement the policy of reforestation that will increase the number of trees. The government should support organizations that are against deforestation.

Governments – including federal and state-level agencies in Brazil, and governments from other countries…have taken important steps: designing plans to reduce deforestation rates, carrying them out, and making them economically and politically rewarding through international compensation (Bucher et al 440). 

The forest sector should be strengthened with the help of forest governance and legal instruments that will control and prevent illegal deforestation (Hewitt 2). Moreover, rehabilitation of justice system is a must to deter deforestation as a crime against the society (Karsenty & Symphorien 43)

Opposition 2

All People Cannot Become Ecologically Conscious

It is absolutely impossible for someone to make all people ecologically conscious. Every person has his/her right to be or not to be ecologically conscious. It is related to person’s education and beliefs. If a person can throw rubbish in water, one will not prevent him/her from cutting a tree. People cannot become ecologically conscious when it comes to financial enrichment with the help of agriculture. Moreover, wood production is a profitable business that makes people forget about environmental protection. Additionally, there are many logging companies that manufacture woods products, as there is a demand for them.  For example, becoming ecologically conscious is the affair of environmental psychology. As a result, this discipline is not widespread in South America. 

Rebuttal 2

Not all people become businessmen keen on profits. Most companies and organizations take care of their reputation becoming consciously eco-friendly. They use clean, and innovative technologies. Nowadays, there are many organizations that conduct training on the development of pro-environmental consciousness and implementation of ecological activities. Moreover, the quick urbanization encourages people to live in the suburbs and rest in nature. Consequently, the forest is the place where one can rest with heart and soul. Changing their lifestyles, individuals can prevent deforestation. 

One should mention that frequent cases of natural disasters make people reflect whether their actions are ethical or outrageous. Not without a reason, the promotion of environmental protection has become widely popular. Moreover, the increased prices for wood encourage people to use it economically and underline the shortening of this material in nature. Consequently, strong support of aggressive environmental protection is the basis for development of healthy economy in South America. Moreover, one should replace wood with other artificial materials. People should recycle and use the recycled products, minimize paper usage, and be conscious of their food choices.

Through an innovative combination of policies – payments to villages that conserved forests, support for sustainable development projects, payments to families through debit cards, supporting education, health, transport and communications in rural areas…Amazonas has reduced deforestation to a very low level, with 98% of its forest still standing (Bucher et al 438).

Opposition 3

Indifference of Consumers

Customers are indifferent to the ecological policy of the companies where they buy something. They are more interested in quality, brand, and price of the products. Consequently, it is unreal to involve them in the natural protection. Moreover, most consumers prefer to keep silence even when they are indignant with something. Indifference is the key reason for environmental issues. As a result, one should not rely on the consumers and their pro-ecological position. Not all consumers can be the examples to follow, as they are also devoted to their personal interests. They will not demand from companies to stop deforestation for manufacturing. For example, consumers cannot become pro-environmental if this position deprives them of material benefits (Bucher et al 440). 

Rebuttal 3

Not all consumers are indifferent. There are those who will call others to action even damaging the reputation of the company if necessary. Such category of people regards rainforests of South America, as the sources of clean and fresh air, storage of moisture, survival of the climatic changes. Consequently, they will complain and even sue the court if they notice illegal activities of the company. Such consumers will demand a credible forestry certification. Moreover, these consumers will study the purchased products carefully. One cannot suppose all consumers are indifferent, as people have different priorities and interests. Additionally, consumers will check whether the purchasing policy of the company is environmentally friendly. 

The prosecutors’ warnings to supermarkets that they too would be held responsible for the sale of beef produced in violation of environmental laws, combined with the new ability to enforce them using GPS data, have effectively made the supply chain a part of the system through which ranchers are pressured, both economically and legally, to end deforestation (Bucher et al 440).

One can involve corporations with the help of their consumers to save rainforests. Consequently, corporations can implement anti-deforestation policies that will oblige all stakeholders not to harm the environment. Moreover, they should encourage recycling and minimize paper wastage.  Another alternative to deforestation is increasing yields with the help of meliorating processes (May-Tobin et al 12)

CALLS TO ACTIONS

First, people should be interested in ecological politics of South America. Knowing it, they will understand what is legal or illegal. Second, it is important to press corporations and markets and even refuse from their products if they use deforestation for their manufacturing. Third, one should promote consumer options, as driving forces of the preservation of forest and saving the natural world. Fourth, people should become more responsible for their actions to make proper decisions about ecology. If cutting one tree is justified, one should be obliged to plant a new one. Fifth, clear cutting of rainforests should be banned by the government.

 One should mention that these actions are vitally necessary, as deforestation can affect people’s and their children’s lives nowadays and in future. Wildlife extinction, floods, soil erosion, global warming, and climate imbalance will make their life difficult and economically poor. Creating the necessary changes today will set an example for future generation. First, they will know that it is an illegal and outrageous crime. Second, future generations will make environmental protection their lifestyle. Third, they will become more ecologically conscious. The current state of rainforests in South America shows that people are reluctant and dependent on the financial growth. They do not regard the natural world as something that is most valuable. People should realize that rainforest provide them with shelter, medicine, clothing, fresh water, and food. Moreover, they should understand that cutting trees in South America can lead to the global climate changes. So, people should be punished for every illegal activity related to the natural world. The influence of deforestation results in the reduction of biodiversity, distinction of the endangered species, disruption of livelihoods, increased erosion, and violation of water cycles. 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, one should say that the problem of deforestation in South America demands immediate preventive solutions to save rainforests for future generation. The necessary changes should touch ecological politics of South America, development of the ecological and pro-environmental consciousness, and promotion of sustainable consumer options. These changes will help to improve the situation with deforestation and make it an outrageous activity against the society. The opposing arguments to these claims are the following: inefficacy of law changes, inability to become ecologically conscious, and indifference of consumers. However, these arguments are only supported by those who do not want to act and do not suppose deforestation a global environmental issue. 

People should become more active, conscious, morally and physically responsible for the preservation of rainforests. Cutting and burning trees are the crimes against society, and the government should be responsible for its punishment. Such causes of deforestation as land using, agriculture, building housing cannot be justified, as they may result in the extinction of the endangered species and climate changes. There are solutions to deforestation but their efficacy depends on every person’s desire, attitude, and activity. Consequently, any changes are preconditioned by human desires. 

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