Apr 29, 2020 in Exploratory

Urban Sociology: Athens

Introduction

The study of urban sociology entails the definitive characteristics that underlie its current smooth running. A country’s citizens living in these given regions have norms that guide their interactions. Often, these interactions depend on the society a person stays, the race of a person, social-economic status among others. Though these factors affect individuals uniquely, they shape interaction in the society and socialization. Also, how a region developed to attain its social status is a contributing factor to urban sociology. Therefore, it is a term that describes the interaction of people in the society and also the innominate thing that foster comfortable stay in the urban regions. The paper discusses the operation of specific cities while defining the terms of urban sociology.

Ancient Athens

It is a city in the Ancient Greece. Mark describes that it started as a small Mycenaen community that had an influx of individuals. This society grew to become a city that was Greek's best having given virtues and norms in which individuals staying there enjoyed the prestige of the land. The city was named after Athenian King Cecrops after having gods’ contests of which the god Athena won using a swift sprouting seed of an olive tree. The non-productive agricultural land in Athena made the Athenians turn to trade as the only economic activity for livelihood. The enforcement of Solon’s laws provided stability necessary to make Athens a cultural and intellectual center under Pericles reign. It oversaw entry into a golden age full of writers and artists who foresaw the development of the city. Reform and democracy of the city and the activities of the citizens promoted socialization.

 

Relevance of the Ancient Athens

Athens was the largest city in Greece was controlled the Attica region. It enclosed an area between remarkable mountains and many valleys that were fertile made up of many farms. Athens rose to become a wealthy city because of many factors. Among them is trade and the fertile lands for agriculture. Attica was a region that had specific sources of silver, lead, and marble that were essential in business. Besides the trade components, the ancient Athens had had the biggest Navy in Greece that was used in conquering cities. The ample terrain in Greece made Athens beautiful and a busy city that individuals visited to learn and to trade as it was a hub of various commodities. Learning was in the science, agricultural and mathematics fields with architecture and mathematics being the focal points. For instance, the city’s most famous building was the temple which amazed many concerning its architecture motivating people to learn its architecture

Another factor that makes ancient Athens a city for a study is that early in the 500 BC a new way of government leadership was invented in Athens. It governed how people related to the ruling power. It was formed by democracy or the so-called rule governed by the people. The rulings only promoted the male citizens have the power of decision through voting in that they had a say in how the city was run. It is important in the urban sociology because rules and regulations affect all people collectively and therefore; the collective decision is important in ensuring that it is a democrat system. Since Athens has 30, 000 citizens, only men were chosen for leadership while women, slaves, and foreigners were counted as aliens. The men only met to vote in new laws that were put forward by the councils in Athens making it an important region in law enforcement. According to Mark, the law of democracy gave the Athenians the energy to develop their city in all spheres involving themselves and their neighbours. They described that the new government would provide the necessary stability that would make Athens a center for diverse cultures and intellectual developments in the ancient world. It was a reputation that was to stand the times of all leadership.

Slavery was a norm in ancient Athens. Slaves provided the immediate labour required in performing technical hard and unpleasant jobs. The slaves were required to save enough money to purchase freedom. While the majority of the entire Athens were slaves between a quarter and a third, they carried out core duties. 

Developments in Urbanization due to the People’s way of life

The urbanization of Athens describes that the way of life was described by the success of a city’s locality. For instance, the location of Athens in the rich valleys promoted agriculture although though little evidence is documented. The superiority of man regarding women, slaves and foreigners explain what inequality is given economic development and democracy in equal access to resources. In such areas, people tend to flee dictatorial conditions. Also, trade is not effective in promoting a high per capita due to low income, lack of modernization and harassment in work. 

Lessons on prerequisites of urban developments

Regarding Athens, urban developments in a similar setting are scarce. Though individuals promote democracy, people promoting its growth are affected negatively and therefore would not work efficiently. The community’s togetherness in achieving common goals is disrupted.

Conclusion

Athens is an ancient city in Greece. As a society, it grew to be Greek's best having given virtues and norms. It was prestige following its location in the valleys that were fertile promoting agriculture. It was governed by the principles of democracy though slaves were not free and worked on intensive works. Following this, economic developments and growth are rarely achieved.

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