Nov 19, 2020 in Health

10 Essential Services of Public Health

Four Categories and 10 Essential Services of Public Health




Category 1: Assessment

Assessment refers to the supervising and evaluation of the community health problems to identify the trends and the inconsistencies in community troubles. Assessment is important because it allows health officers to detect problems at the early stages. In addition, assessment is essential in determining whether a problem needs urgent redress to avoid the problem from escalating to higher levels.


Monitor Health

Monitoring health involves evaluation of health standards in a community to identify the existing trends and the target resources for addressing a particular hazard that may be prevalent in the society. Monitoring health involves the identification of the appropriate tools to use for dissemination and interpretation of public health data. Furthermore, monitoring health requires the time-to-time assessment of the society health status to ensure that it conforms to the standard requirements.

For example, the Los Angeles Public health agency completes a health survey every two years to collect essential data on its population

Diagnose and Investigate

Diagnosis and investigation involve the inquiry into the community hazards. The service requires the screening of acute diseases, increasing the accessibility to free laboratories, and investigation of illness outbreaks and patterns of the emerging diseases. The service is valuable in the prevention efforts and for emergency preparedness.

For instance, the Los Angeles health and examination study is responsible for gathering data on the clinical outcomes of the LA residents.

Category 2: Policy Development

Policy development is a plan for the health staff to inform the community about health issues in the society. In addition, policy development involves educating people on the best practices to ensure good health. Policy formulation dwells on formulating the plan and policies that support the community and the individual efforts towards environment free from diseases and other community hazards.


Inform, Educate, Empower

Informing, educating, and empowering involves the dissemination of information about the health problems in the commonwealth. At the same time, the services aim at distribution of educational materials that promote healthy lifestyle in the society. The process ensures the availability of information about the health situation in the community, and the promotion of programs that enhance the dissemination of information to the people.

For example, Eat Less, Weigh Less campaign aims at educating the citizens on the best eating habits. The campaign aims at educating the public on the ways to avoid obesity and other complications brought about by excess weight.

Mobilize Community Partnerships

Mobilizing community partnerships involves rallying the members of the society, such as individuals and local leaders to identify and find solutions to community health problems by utilizing the available resources to the maximum. The service also involves the provision of all forms of assistance to the population programs that aim at solving the health troubles. Along with that, the step is essential in rallying stakeholders into assisting groups to gather more people to find solutions to problems.

For example, First 5 is a program that addresses the needs of kids below the age of five years. The program allows the mothers to seek assistance from the authorities should the kids develop complications

Develop Policies

Developing policies refers to the exercise of modifying people behaviors that lead to adverse health outcomes. The service is essential because it ensures that health officials align their efforts and resources towards the community health efforts. The service provides development of strategies that propel the community towards the health advancement.

For instance, the policy banning the sale and consumption of the soft drinks in schools aims at countering the increasing cases of the obesity and heart-related conditions that continue to kill many people in the United States of America.


Category 3: Assurances

Assurances involve the enforcing of rules and regulations that protect the individuals against adverse health impacts. The class aims at convincing the public that the health organization is up and to the task of ensuring a friendly environment, for which to provide innovative policies to improve the health conditions in the community. In addition, the category assures the public of the existence of numerous health services should the community require such services


Enforce Laws

Enforcing the laws involves ensuring that all individuals and organizations operating in the society comply with the existing policies, rules and regulations. Complying with the regulations is essential in providing a healthy and safe society for everybody. Enforcing laws is critical in ensuring that people follow the set rules to provide safety of life.

Enforcing rules such as restricting smoking in public places ensures that non-smokers do not get cancer-related ailments as a result of passive smoking. Therefore, the rules dictate that people should only enjoy their cigarettes in the designated areas. Amd in case of failure to follow this rule, they will be subject to prosecution

Link to/Provide Care

Connecting people to health services is a process of ensuring that all individuals can access the health care services when they need them. In addition, the service aims at identifying the groups that do not have the access to the health services thereby eliminating the existing barriers. Therefore, the service aspires to scrape barriers that may lead to unfavorable health outcomes and reduce the medical costs to ensure that every person in the community has unlimited access to the health services.

The most glaring example that uses the service idea is the health campaign that aims at improving the accessibility to health services for the people struggling with HIV/AIDS. The service approach aims at scrapping the public perception of the people with AIDS and improves their access to health facilities

Assure Competent Workforce

Assuring the competency of the workforce allows for the use of the skilled and competent labor force to undertake the provision of care and services to all the people, without discrimination. The service ensures that the existing workforce meets the minimum standards to operate in the health facilities. For continued efficient service delivery, the service idea allows for the continuous improvement of the personnel systems that can admit the technological changes in the health sector.


For instance, the issuance of the certification to proof competency in the health domain


Evaluating refers to the process of ensuring that the policies and practices installed meet the expected outcomes. Thus, the service aims at assessing whether people can access the available health services. In addition, the service idea ensures that health officials can rate the quality of the health services to guarantee that they meet the required guidelines.


For example, the cost-effectiveness analysis in medicine


Category 4: System Management

System management involves the aligning of the available resources to undertake meaningful activities. Learning of the system management is critical to understanding the economics of the health care services. System control allows the public health staff to align resources to meet the urgent need.




Research is a service that allows health officials to understand the health problems that face humanity. The service permits the development of new research institutions. Furthermore, the service idea allows for collaboration between scientists to identify solutions for the emerging diseases.

For instance, the numerous investigations that have been conducted in the field of health services to improve the living conditions of the communities.

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