Nov 14, 2020 in Health

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The human need for a comfortable and quiet life greatly increases as any kind of changes causes inner discomfort because of everyday stressors: work, family life, interpersonal conflicts, and health problems. Anyway, a human being tries ones best to escape from stressing states through using appropriate means which can be both beneficial and harmful for it. It comes to drugs usage and great probability of addictions that result in negative consequences for the society: criminal activities, health issues, and addictions. According to the definition of addiction given by American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) it is a chronic brain disease which is characterized by inability to constantly abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with ones behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response (ASAM, 2011). Without treatment and preventing measures, addiction can progress and cause disability or premature death. Comparison of a patient who is subjected to the surgery intervention and a person who wants to avoid stress by means of drugs shows that both of them are drug users but the chance of being drug addicted is different. The patient has to take a drug dose once as anesthesia and the person who suffers from obvious psychoactive drug disorders condemns oneself to self-destruction. Any kind of addictions leads to personalitys destructing processes, particularly in the period of mental and physical development of teens and young adults who are rather vulnerable and exposed to stress.

 

 
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Substance abuse problems are connected with smoking cigarettes containing nicotine and aromatized resins that perniciously affect respiratory system and evoke the following diseases: cancer, heart disease, pulmonary emphysema and respiratory tract dysfunctions. In spite of serious disease symptoms teens and young people haste to look mature and independent, they imitate each other and engage in sensation seeking. Therefore, innocent attempts of smoking turn into the nicotine addiction. Nicotine by its nature is a neurotropic poison that enables memory inhibition, low rate of learning and memory, and slowing down reaction in the motion. A young human body quickly addicts to nicotine and cannot cope with its functions of thinking, remembering or expressing emotions. Sometimes the organism, in particular its brain that is firstly exposed to destructive impact of nicotine requires much stronger substances for using: marijuana. Harmful marijuana and tobacco substances stop producing special hormone for the nervous system endorphin that regulates the bodys response to pain and other stimuli. Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine confirm that Endorphin is one of a group of opiate-like peptides produced naturally by the body at neural synapses at various points in the central nervous system pathways, where they modulate the transmission of pain perceptions (Miller-Keane, 2003). Like morphine, endorphins are characterized by enhancing the painful level and releasing sedation and euphoria; the outcomes are blockaded by naloxone, a narcotic antagonist. During smoking the endorphin production is blocked and brain disorders can be observed through addictive behavior and mind state. Thus, frequent and regular smoking in adolescents depletes nerve cells and causes premature fatigue and decreased activation of the brains ability to solve logic-information type problems. Smoking results in the visual cortex pathology, especially among teenagers. Initially, fatigue appears during reading. Then flashing and double vision begins, and finally, blurred vision. Smoke tearing, redness, and swelling of the eyelids caused by tobacco lead to chronic inflammation of the optic nerve. Nicotine triggers changes in the eye retina, and as a result, reduces the sensitivity to light. Nicotine increases eye pressure that provokes glaucoma disease development. Auditory cortex cells state clearly and indisputably demonstrates the powerful suppression and oppression of their functions. This is reflected in auditory perception and auditory recreating the image in response to sound stimulation of the environment. Because of the early initiation to smoke, there are skin lesions - acne, seborrhea, that is explained by the disorder of the endocrine system. Smoking is known to lead to the heart muscle premature wear. Exciting vasomotor center and affecting the peripheral vasomotor apparatus, nicotine increases the muscle tone and causes a spasm of vessels that increases the load on the heart, as pushing blood through the narrowed vessels is much more difficult. Adjusting to the increased load, the heart grows by increasing the volume of muscular fibers. A vivid picture of symptoms described above predicts the aftermath of smoking for young people. Due to age characteristics adolescents do not fully realize the degree of the harmful effects of tobacco smoking on their health.

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Summarizing conclusions regarding substances abuse addictions, people should always remember about how powerful addiction can be; how greatly it can affect and change their lives if human lets it control ones life. In his speech Canadian physician Gabor Mate prescribes right medicine from nicotine addiction: Find your nature and be nice to yourself (Mate, 2012). Power and reality are not outside of human but inside and this is the place where one should seek resources to get rid of addictions and to find calmness, harmony and confidence to live happily.

Read also: "Academic Book Review: How to Complete It"

Basics of healthy lifestyle promotion should be laid from a young age. Informing children, emphasizing negative experience and cultivating beneficial activities is the best way of preventing undesirable effect and consequence and keeping a generation mentally and physically healthy.

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