Nov 14, 2020 in History

American Colonies

History 101: Final

1. Explain why there were no major witchcraft scares in the Chesapeake colonies and no uprising like Bacon's Rebellion in New England. Consider the possible social, economic, and religious causes of both phenomena.


The major witchcraft scares did not happen in Chesapeake colonies due to the little impact that they had on religion. The communities in this region were not tightly knit and religion was relatively weaker. From a social point of view, the lack of close ties among the members of this society made it difficult for them to recognize different traits among the members of their society. Even if they did recognize the differences, they would not have cared whether they were evil or not. If the society members had been closely related, then the scares would have had an impact since any person who had different traits would have been in sight and considered to be evil. To illustrate, the phenomenon like the Bacons uprising Rebellion in New England could not occur in Chesapeake as it was motivated by class differences. The economy in Bacon made the economic differences to be somewhat exaggerated and this led to poor people from working neighborhoods rebelling against the rich who lived at the coast (Jones, 2006). These differences were not so obvious in New England, since most of the New Englanders belonged to the same social classes.

2. What made Native American peoples vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers?

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The Native American peoples were more vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers due to the fact that they did not have enough resources to deal with the intruders. The Native American peoples had been exposed to epidemics due to contact with European ailments and had no cure against them. This significantly reduced their military strength and numbers. Additionally, the wars, forced labor, and drought also cut down on their populations hence making them more vulnerable. They also lacked the political and organizational unity that was exhibited by the European adventurers in their military, political, and economic organizations. These peoples had numerous tribes which were constantly fighting against each other, thus creating enemies among themselves and weakening the battle power. This led to the instances when they merely sold their enemies to the adventurers. The natives did not also have the needed technology that they could have used to wage war upon the intruders (Desbarats, 2013). While they could only work with copper and did not have the resources for smelting iron, it made it hard for them to fight fair with the invaders who had steel swords and knives and later other sophisticated and more deadly weapons.

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3. What was the role of the colonies in the British mercantilist system?

The role of the colonies in the British mercantilist system was to provide valuable cash crops such as tobacco. The colonies also supplied a number of natural resources such as lumber, which was highly valued by the British traders due to the commodity being available in limited quantities in Europe. The colonies also created a market where the British traders could sell their goods at lucrative prices. The mercantilist economy in Britain made it possible to use the region to obtain the raw materials from which they produced finished products that were sold back to the colonies. Britain went ahead to put restrictions that barred the colonists from trading directly with England (Edwards, 2009). Thus, the colonies were of great manufacturing and purchasing importance to them.

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4. How did the Great War for Empire change the relationship between England and its American colonies?

The Great War for Empire changed the relationship between England and its American colonies by altering the ideological, economical, and political relations, mainly because of the unfair taxation policies used in regards to the colonists and the regulations that followed. England was left in so much debt and it was forced to start taxing even the most basic items in the colonies they owned worldwide. This infuriated the colonists who felt that this was unjust and decided to fight back. Additionally, the colonists were forbidden from settling in the west of Appalachian Mountains courtesy because of the Proclamation of 1763. Even though the move was geared towards reducing further conflict, it, instead, spoiled the relationship between England and the American colonies further (Jones, 2006). The colonists felt like they were being deprived of the right to be free and this led to constant disagreements between the parties.


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