Revolutions are factual events that have occurred in different times in history to affect certain changes. It also befits certain perspectives of being historical facts about the life of a given people or communities. Many states and countries with evident political stability and functioning government are testimonials born out of one or two marked events of revolutions that might have taken place in the past. Believe you me, refute or uphold is the fact that before our generations there must have been more than thirty revolutions to mark our times today. In the event, some communities must have been the conquerors as others became slaves to them. The question to be in our minds, therefore, should be what really led to these gradual or maybe sudden aversions of the political, social and economic positions of the then structures. On this, I rest my findings on the American upheavals. This paper, therefore, addresses the events that led to the American Revolution and its impacts.
Factors that led to the American Revolution
The United States of America like any other nation must have had certain performances that the majority of her populace was never at ease. These might have made them feel oppressed, lost a sense of belonging, made feel aggrieved and thus had to make their presence be known, felt and realized. Sources have therefore revealed that there were major forces that drove and compelled the American natives to seek and find change for the better of their life. These included taxation, tea act, concord battle and harsh treatments. These factors became the fundamental concerns that led to the revolution which began in 1775 (Wood, 2005).
For several years, the British bowed to the oppressive rules and developed a sense of identification with the British. Things began to fall apart when laws were introduced to impose trade laws and high taxes on the sugar. The high taxes were in reaction to meeting the debts that resulted from the aftermaths of the war between the French and the Indians. The American government got infuriated and did all manners of revenue allocations to help settle the debts (Wood, 2005). Matters were made worse when the Sugar act prohibited the importation rum and wines from the French people. Some of the vocal activists like James Otis aired their opinions on the mode of taxation that was exercised on the commons without representations. The majority of the people become very much outraged yet still more taxation procedure went to affect tea, glass, Paper, paints, and lead. To ensure that taxes were collect as per the laws, the king sent his officials to the land of Boston where hostility and cruelty were all they could get.
- The Concord Battle
These were battles that were fought between the Concord and the Lexington on the 19/04-1775 which commenced the American Revolution lasting for about eight years (Calloway, 1998). There was a build-up of tension between the American colonies and the Authorities precisely the officials of the Massachusetts. On the eventful day of the war, many troops of the British were brought to Boston to help calm and curb the situation. To their misfortune and they received harsh confrontation marked by fighting forcing them to retreat. This was the major historical battle even though some other battles also did take place.
- Tea act
The tea act was introduced as an economic move to eradicate the consumption of tea. This in turn led to the destruction of the role played by the individual shippers, local shopkeepers, and the smugglers businesses. One prominent businessman who largely traded and smuggled tons of tea had his tea seized and stored by the custom duty officials (Wood, 2005). The other interested parties in the tea business people the manipulated a section of the populace to take and view this as another form of tax imposition without the opinion of representatives. What followed were the Boston tea party and other rebellions throughout the entire colonies.
- Harsh treatments by the colonial officials
The introduction and forceful execution of the new five laws meant further oppressions and the colonies could not tolerate all these for some periods. Among these new five laws was the one that necessitated the close down of the Boston port until the missing Cargo from the East Indian Company was compensated. This meant that even the individuals who never had a share of the missing commodity had to contribute to the payment (Morton, 2003).
The great awakening
The great awakening period marked the overall turn around for the revolution. This became a worldwide scenario that affected every colonialist. It in one of the greatest moves brought all the colonies of the colonialist together. It is through this great awakening that the colonies found a common ground and platform to share their grievances and move as one body to oppose and avert the colonial rules. During this period, the colonies got enlightened and realized that God was just and fair to every individual and that no other person had more power to rule the others. They came to realize that religion was not what the colonialist preached but instead found deeper insights on faith through realizing that religion needed peace, love and harmony to make its attributes meaningful. The evangelists began to preach that oppression and forced labor was sinful and that God is never a partisan to such acts. The enlistment period, in addition, arouse the curiosity to explore science, literacy and education through which the world today has made millions of advances upon the many passed generations (Morton, 2003).
The defendants of the American Revolution had the tag of rebels. The rebels are the Americans who sought to bring about independence in their land. As such, the defendants of the revolution were the American who made point to stand up against the unjust testament that they had from their master (Frank, 2007). In discussing the topic of defending revolution, one needs to delve on the participants and the life before and after the American Revolution.
The major participants of the war are Britain, France and the natives of the United States of America. Britain was the main colony of the United States with France serving as an ally of Britain. The United States of America are the natives of the land (Frank, 2007). The quest for self-rule is the riding factor that enables the American to open up a rebellion against the Britons. The Britons use of full military force in enforcing their authority in the land of the United States marks the purpose of defending the revolution (Frank, 2007). The defense that the Americans mobilized had the primary purpose of ensuring that they use their numbers to outnumber and over power their colonial masters.
Defending of the revolution is an act of rebellion that the American make against their colonial masters. The defending of the rebellion is an act of seeking equality and demanding the right to fair treatment in their land. The fair treatment that the Americans demand in defending the revolution is in regard to the legislations that are formulated by the colonial masters to oppress them such as tea act (Frank, 2007). The tea act is a legislation whose sole purpose was to help make the companies engaging in illegal tea trade flourish. The resultant effect was that the American economy was not set to grow and the economic fortunes of the populace was set to hit a snag (Frank, 2007).
The defense of the revolution is known to have taken a stage in Virginia and Boston. The two geographical regions double up as the territory of the Britain 13 colonies thus the severity of the aggression that was propelled by the populace at the place (Hamilton, 2013). The defense of the revolution is the quest to have an equitable society where the residents make the decisions on how they are to run and defend their livelihoods. The defense of the American Revolution doubles up as the quest for independence by the populace (Hamilton, 2013).
Aftermath of the American Revolution
The first evident aftermath of the American Revolution is the signing of the Paris Treaty. The Paris treaty forms the recognition of the United States of America as an independent state free from the colonial rule. The establishment of one government that rules the region under the Spanish and Brutish rule brought about a united and democratically naïve country (Hamilton, 2013). The United States of America that had a struggle to stamp its authority .The bedrock of peace and entrenchment of the human rights principles and codes.
The flourishing of the republican movement is also an aftermath of the American Revolution. The republican movement is believed to offer the benchmark for drafting the policies and ideas that served to make up the first constitution of the United States. The republican movement is the current face of the Republican Party that has a huge following in the United States of America (Hamilton, 2013). The republican movement takes pride in forming the political party that addresses the needs of populace in sweeping in reforms in the governance of the United States (Hamilton, 2013).
The third aftermath of the American Revolution is the shift in the religious practices of the country. As already mentioned, the republican movement is known to have taken over from the Britons while preparing for taking over independence. The British colony has a bias in promoting the Anglican doctrines in the regions where they asserted their rule. As such, the pre independence America was a Christian state (Allison, 2011). The taking over of the republican rule ensured that the United States became a secular state. The ripple effect on the Christianity movement is, therefore, evident. The Christianity movement began to dwindle owing to the influence of the pulling out of the Anglican missionaries of British origin after the independence (Allison, 2011).
The concept of negotiation is also an aftermath of the American Revolution. The negotiation regarding the new America is believed to have emanated from the quest to have a peaceful transition and having a stable country after the departure of the Britons and the Spanish. The three leaders of negotiations after the revolution include John jay, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin (Allison, 2011).
Concisely, the American Revolution documents the evolution of the United States of America from being a colony to being a self-rule. The trigger effects of the revolution are the quest of equality and the need to abolish the detrimental legislations set by the colonies. As such, the American Revolution is an act of disobedience that is propagated by the American civilians against the Britons, Spanish and the French (Allison, 2011). The participation of the French in the revolution is, however, limited as they acted as the allies of Britons during the revolution. The quest to defend the United States of America had signifying factors such as the protest of the tea act that led to pour the coffee in the ocean as an act of protest. The main aftermath of the American Revolution is the achievement of independence by the United States of America.