Nov 19, 2020 in History

French Revolution
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According to the established order of conservatism in early 19thcentury, it enlightened the complete shift of French Revolution. In addition, the main destruction resulted from royal absolutism and drafting of constitution, then introduction of ideology of conservatism. These were meant to prevent occurrence of the revolution. Afterwards, the new strategy was put in place in order to preserve the monarchies and aristocracies of Europe, hence, there appeared the liberal movements in reflection of the revolution in France (Alfred, 1999). Burkes insisted that the right way was not from human nature, but hereditary of monarchy. In addition, Burke insisted that French Revolution loudly proclaimed and rebuked the undermined social order. Considerably, the partnership which connected the dead and those who were yet to be born by introduction of partnership of French Revolution had already occurred. On the other hand, the basis of religion and history, which justified the monarchy, played a critical role in the revolution. On the other front, the French writer Louise de Boland of (1754-1840) argued that Christian monarchies were the last development in the society of politics and religions thus brought the interruption of the French Revolution. Hence, this led King Louis XVI to act against and protect French people of the cultural diversities that would hinder the ideal of the county.

In addition, Louis XVI advocated for giving of wages and labor during the state of economic depression, thus, this could lead to the downfall of the state economy trend. This initiative of adding wages and increasing employment moreover hindered the ability of the French state to become stable economically. The other strategy which I could encourage King Louis XVI to take, is that of nationalism which spearhead the nation to its own political institution and the interest of the nation could be defended and upgraded at all cost. In regards to nationalism there would be maintenance of geographical boundaries due to administrative legal units of political organization. Ideology of nationalism had roots of nationalism in the French Revolution, which were undertaken in unity by French people. The ideas of French revolution had helped to inspire them, but they did not go unchallenged by the opposition with the help of creating forces of conservatism, and the redaction brought strength through the end of Napoleon period, which restored legitimate order in the European states ,thus ,impeded the recurring of the situation. In addition, this strengthened the European countries to agitate for political reforms. Due to unremarkable revolution it was difficult for the county to identify its economic progress, thus elimination of remnants of feudalism might have made France marginally more capitalist than it had been before the revolution. Nevertheless, agriculture mercantile had long been entrenched in the French society. However, the promotion of the doctrine of popular sovereignty which was an achievement of the French Revolution, could assist the king Louis XVI in his administration (Alfred, 1999).

 

Transportation mainly was the use of carts attached to the head and shoulders with the chain and the belt which was attached to the cart. On other hand the industrial revolution created harrowing labor conditions thus increasing the production level and rapid transportation of passengers as well as goods, leading to creating large expansion of the territory mainly on railroads that were constructed in countries threat were industrialized. This unleashed the powerful forces that made the economic status stable. On the other front, industrialization played a vital role in redefining the west due to the drastic economic raise, and stability was enhanced. Moreover, as industry become more into innovation contributing to increase in yields. Such transportation includes the use of railroads, canals, and development of news roads. As a result, there was efficient movement of the raw materials and the produced industrial products. Prior to the new technology the use of water transport was not that effective and efficient due to lack of network and also other rivers were not navigable. The use of horse drawn carriages which were made of stone made it possible to ride in wet weather. Others parts of western countries used coal burning locomotives and animal power such horses.During the era of new industrialization machines became common in the industry, e.g. in textile industries, iron, papermaking Eventually machines were used in agriculture sector to facilitate plowing in the fields and harvesting of crops, thus, this led to shedding of laborers in the field. Despite shedding off of laborers it led to increase in production having of great significance to the living standard of the working class (Alfred, 1999).

 
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The major implication of industrial revolution was the first increase in population growth due to the fact the industrialization required a lot of staff to work at factories and workshops due to greater man power in Europe. The periodic increase in population was due to less frequent famine than there was in the eighteenth century. In addition, this attributed to growth in population which was increased by fertility due to marrying at tender age, thus, increasing in birth rate. Secondly, economic growth due to the balance of broad forces of demand and supply led to stability of economy, in addition, increase in the level of entrepreneurs followed by industrialization, which led to positive increase of economy and demand for industrial goods and products. Thirdly, the standard of living improved due to availability of the products and increase due to unprecedented income, thus, eradicating poverty hence families could afford basic commodities On the one hand, due to cash flow increase it led to high crime rate against those who were well up. On the other hand, there was change in family way of living due to the tremendous sources of income. Industrial Revolution made members of the families find employment together in the factories, thus there was source of prestige in the family due to objection of women in the factory to male foremen thereby perpetuating the patriarchal pattern. In terms of industrial landscape, in Europe industries underwent radical changes in the towns and the cities where factories were built.

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The objective of Mills on liberal of property owners such as middle class was to oppose for property rights. Thus liberals agitated that the males should own the property. On the other hand, liberals promoted free trade with other nations. Karl Marx formulated the most radical doctrines of socialism for the working class. He became convinced that workers in the industrial society were human alienated and degraded. Marx and his co-author Engels thought about workers as part of capitalists system where they owned nothing, only the labor they offered .Marx and Engel worked on the idea where they referred to the process of history as dialectical and they emphasized the income rather than wages (Marx, 2012).

Liberalisms main objective was the freedom of politics and economics that could be of the primary significance to citizens of the country today. In particular, there was freedom of religion, arbitrary arrest and imprisonment and press. Liberalism enhances people in the society to perform and exercise their freedom. On the other hand, nationalism refers to people who have common homeland, additionally they share common culture. Conservatism was formed to prevent recurrence of revolutionary in order to preserve the monarchies and aristocracies, having considered being the least in the society today because of these past events. On the other hand, the main appeal of the socialism was to remedy the deplorable social and economic effect of industrial Revolution. In conclusion, liberalism is of great implication to the society today thus one can express freedom in any front of life (Alfred, 1999)

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