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People have different views on the history of Afro-Eurasians and some of their practices. Most of these beliefs were formed as a result of the interaction with neighboring communities. This essay discusses the role of the Silk Road in Eurasian history.
There are varied expressions about the distinctions between the East and the West legacies. However, they lack clear identification of the differences between these two because of numeral commonalities they shared in various aspects of life. Therefore, it was rather a combined Afro-Eurasian venture which did not occur suddenly but developed with time. To begin with, Central Eurasians were business persons who mostly traded along the border exchanging livestock and other goods. During the process, they had to interact with other groups of people who belonged to various cultures and beliefs, therefore, enhancing the Silk Road interactions. On religious aspects, there was an exchange of beliefs across the trading zones leading to the establishment of new religious institutions. The common faith went beyond regional margins as well as linguistic boundaries. Additionally, the interactions that took place on the Silk Road led to the spread of technology and science. It led to maritime communication between Eurasia and other continents. Therefore, religion, science and trade are the examples of factors which clearly demonstrate that Afro-Eurasian history was a joint venture rather than a number of separate legacies as some people might think.
The Mongol invasions led by Genghis Han were cruel but had specific aspects that made them successful across Afro-Eurasia. Firstly, they had a well-trained army that guarded the empires boarders to prevent invasions and maintain piece on the conquered territory. They even trained their horses to alarm the soldiers in case of danger when the latter fell asleep. Secondly, they had kinship networks and social responsibilities. Mongol women were involved in various activities including politics. They had strong values which they strictly followed leading to prosperity in their land. Thirdly, they organized an empire which grew bigger each day. The Mongols were nomads, therefore, they increasingly conquered other countries which had fertile lands and collected levy from them without interfering with local governments and traditions. The conquests resulted in the Mongols acquiring more land and accumulating wealth. They connected their land with sea, which enabled them to travel by ship to all areas leading to the massive historical success.
The major consequence of the Black Plague was that the disease killed many people in Afro-Eurasia. The population dropped drastically from 120 million to 80 million people in a span of one century. The situation was so grave because people in this region had a weak immune system and mostly could not survive the new diseases that were brought. Another consequence was that food production reduced significantly. There were also new destructive pests that infected the crops and the farmers did not have a cure for them, which negativelly affected the harvest. The situation led to a prolonged famine that killed a considerable number of the Black Plague survivors. Following the food shortage, prices for food increased and most people, mainly refugees, could not afford it. They were forced to go back to their homelands.
In conclusion, the history surrounding Afro-Eurasian communities is fascinating. It started with the trade which brought together people across the borders leading to political, religious and social exchange. Some empires experienced tremendous success which was brought to an end by the Black Plague.