Nov 14, 2020 in History

United States

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In the article The Rich Are Good-Natured: William Graham Sumner Defends the Wealthy Sumner is of the opinion that society should not condemn the rich but instead praise them for the hard work that they have done to improve this society (1). Sumner argues that only the rich teach their children about the power of capital accumulation and explain them how to invest so that they did not become spendthrifts, losing money to those who are smarter than them. He emphasizes that the making of a fortune requires hard work as well as determination (Sumner 4). Sumner categorically states that to be rich, one must have the ability to organize a group of people to carry out an investment. Furthermore, the team that a rich person organizes could not do on its own; therefore, the money made from the business venture belongs to none but the founder of this team.


The article War Is a Blessing, not a Curse: The Case for Why We Must Fight talks about the time when President Woodrow Wilson called upon all Americans to fight the war they considered to be for the European nations. Wilson states that the atrocities committed by Germany and its allies are the injustice to the civilians who have the right to enjoy their universal rights. Further, Wilson urges Americans to get ready to fight for democracy (War Is a Blessing 2). Wilson states that once the perpetrators of the war are done with the rest of the nations, they will contemplate on bringing the war to the United States; therefore, Americans should be the first nation to help in ending this injustice and danger to democracy (War Is a Blessing 3). Finally, Woodrow Wilson emphasizes the fact that the fight is noble and spearheaded for the right course; thus, the USA ought to be proud of carrying out its moral obligation to the rest of the world.

The article Bad Times but Still Swingn: World Series Coverage Before and During the Depression by John Carvalho is about the social and economic disruption caused by the Great Depression caused. Therefore, it called for the change in the business world. For instance, newspapers reduced their content with the decline of their readership. Moreover, the sport section was relatively reduced during this time from 1927 to 1932 (Carvalho 81). Love for the sports culture began in the United States during the Industrial Revolution as there people needed more leisure. Initially, the media started reporting about sports events without financial compensation, but later, such reports became more of a symbiotic business relation, where the media had to be paid for the coverage (Carvalho 84). Thus, Carvalho compares two baseball seasons - before and after the Great Depression, writing about the World Series in these both seasons and the coverage of the games (86). Photos were used as articles became more common during this period (Carvalho 90). Since newspapers did not want to lose their readers like they had lost the advertisers, they kept reporting about sports events to the fans. These reports helped people escape the hard news about the dire economic situation just as it did during the industrialization period, especially after a hard work at factories.

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In the article Reel Revolutionaries: An Examination of Hollywoods Cycle of 1960s Youth Rebellion Films, Aniko Bodroghkozy writes about the film industry in the United States in the 1950s. At that time, the industry started to experience losses due to depression, and to salvage the industry, producers had to target the youth since it would boost the market (Bodroghkozy 39). Thus, such film companies as Universal, Columbia, and Paramount began to produce films that showed student riots and rebellions like The Activist, Medium Cool, and Getting Straight (Bodroghkozy 40). In the 1970s, there were anxiety and discomfort after the release of series about upheavals in universities. The series seemed to be catalysts to the protests in universities as riots were seen to be more of bodily transformation rather than intellectual one (Bodroghkozy 48). Because of capitalism, the film industry had opted to target radicalization among the youths without considering the implications of the influence of the content aimed at them (Bodroghkozy 52). Thus, newspapers refused to promote such films, and instead, they helped in supporting university papers that tried to calm rioting students.

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Maurine Doud wrote the article Whats a Modern Girl to Do? about a young woman who had been brought up in the modern age of feminism where women were said to be equal to men. However, the author disputes this by suggesting that the world is male dominated even than before (Doud 1). She points that it is men who will always hunt women and not the other way (Doud 3). The author is of the opinion that women want equality for the job positions, but they will have to trade it for some sexual favor. On a date, they will pretend to get the cash to pay the bill because they know the man will stop them before the card or cash is drawn from the bag (Doud 4). Men are intimidated by women who are wealthier then they are, and they would prefer to date their assistants or nannies (Doud, 5). She states that even with the coining of Ms to hide the status of a woman, many women have increasingly reverted to using Mrs with pride. It means that when a woman gets married in the current age, she is lucky (Doud 8). Thus, Doud puts across is that feminism has worked against women, and they slowly embrace patriarchy.

This article It Was Vital Not to Lose Vietnam by Force to Communism Leslie Gelb Analyzes the Roots of U.S. Involvement in Vietnam gives the reasons as to why the United States got involved in the Vietnam war, with the main reason being arrogance. Gelb argues that the United States saw the need to exercise its power (Gelb 1). The second reason is bureaucratic politics, where security and military people showed they were not afraid to propose a war. Additionally, there was the issue of domestic politics as well as communism since the United States feared losing Vietnam to communists that would weaken its international influence (Gelb 2). It was also seen as a balance of power, where the United States sought to stop aggression since it would have exasperated dangerously, bringing the action to the United States itself.


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