Nov 14, 2020 in History

US history II

US History II

Short essay 1: pan-africanism and the harlem renaissance


First and foremost, the concepts of Pan-Africanism and the Harlem Renaissance are intimately related. Pan-Africanism is a sociocultural, economic, and political movement made to urge the African American people to unite and fight for equal educational and job opportunities. The proponents of Pan-Africanism believed that an egalitarian society in the United States of America could only be built through the cooperation of all peoples, races, and ethnicities coexisting within the borders of the country peacefully.

The Harlem Renaissance is the term specifically referring to the period in the history of the United States when the African American art had been flourishing. In the US of the 1920s, a cohort of white intellectuals supported the African American artists. Thus, the Harlem Renaissance occupied a prominent place in the history as the white majority introduced the art that was unprecedentedly unique. Having occurred as a cultural phenomenon, the Harlem Renaissance had created the ground for the emergence of another sensation known as the Jazz Age.

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short essay 2: fdr, the first and the second new deal

The First New Deal guaranteed economic security to the countrys farmers, industrial workers, middle class, as well as the white supremacist groups in the South. Evidently, the First New Deal gave more advantages to certain groups. According to Foner, the benefits of the First New Deal flowed to industrial workers but not tenant farmers, to men far more fully than women, and to white Americans more than blacks, who, in the South, still were deprived of the basic rights of citizenship (Foner 861). Moreover, the National Recovery Administration (NRA) focused primarily on businesses and their leaders. The NRA had changed industrial codes and set new standards of working conditions, outputs, and prices (Foner 865). The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a radical measure to revitalize the agricultural sector of the American economy. The AAA mostly aimed for the property-owning farmers (867). The First New Deal failed to revive the economy of the United States. Thus, the authorities launched the Second New Deal and formed the Work Progress Administration (WPA) to battle unemployment.

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Bugs Bunny Nips the Nips, Herr Meets Hare, and Education for Death are short animated cartoons. Even though these three works were released by Warner Bros. and Walt Disney studios, they do not resemble other cartoons. What makes each cartoon unique is the historical context. Bunny Nips the Nips is a story of Bugs Bunny who appeared on an island in the Pacific Ocean. Bugs Bunny encounters the Japanese soldiers who make futile attempts to catch him. The Japanese are portrayed as naive and uncomprehending people speaking indistinctly. Apparently, the cartoon conveys the Americans and Japanese battling against each other in the WWII. The purpose of the cartoon was to persuade the American audience to approve the actions of the American troops in the Pacific. Herr Meets Hare is the symbolic critique of the German totalitarian regime. While portraying Bugs Bunnys attempts to escape, the cartoon prejudices the German people blaming them for starting the WWII. Education for Death is a cartoon that gives insight into the way how German military propaganda worked in society. In other words, the film shows how German totalitarian regime controlled education and made children and youngsters malicious, uncompassionate, and cruel people. In the works, Germans are portrayed as a law-abiding, disciplined, and technology advanced nation. On the other hand, the Japanese people in the cartoon appear somewhat clumsy and easy to manipulate. Germans show respect toward their culture. Although, the animated films only represented their attitude, it is sad to realize how radicalized, uncomprehending, and submissive people become pursuing selfish goals.

These cartoons aim to encourage the audience to react and develop biases, prejudices, and overgeneralizations. However, they also serve as the examples of the implicit value judgments.


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