Nov 16, 2020 in History

World History Globalization

Globalization and World History

Globalization is an aspect of world development that has shaped the world history and continues to be an influence to the current world. Globalization is a world process of international integration caused by interchange of ideas and world views, products and other aspects of culture. This essay seeks to identify the most important aspect of life in globalizing the world in the period between 1200 and 1750. This essay will necessarily focus on these aspects: the place, personalities and the time, the place, and the significance of key figures and terms of globalization aspects in the specified period.


Globalization Aspects between 1200 And 1750

In the period between 1200 and 1750, the most significant aspect of life in globalizing the world was religion. This is because this period was marked by considerable changes in religious believes and adoption of cultural ideologies that were untraditional for various communities. Religion changed in every community because at this time there was the influence from other two aspects of globalizations. These included changes in market networks and economic dynamics such as trade and commerce as well as changes in political dominations. However, war and political conquests were more powerful in influencing changes in religious and cultural practices.

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Change in political control and empires created a big influence in religion as an aspect of globalization. This is because the newly conquered territories had to change their religious practices to conform to those of the conquerors. However, not all religious practices of the subject were lost to the new rulers; some practices were integrated with the new culture to form new cultural and religious practices. For instance, between 1605 and 1627, the Mughal emperor, Jahangir conquered more kingdoms to increase his territory. This way, he was able to influence the religious and cultural practices of the new Hindu regions he was ruling. This proves the power of war and territorial expansion in globalization through religion in the period.

As an aspect of globalization, religion was also influenced by trade and commerce through exchange of goods and services. The exchange of goods in the economic arena was also accompanied by exchange of cultural practices and religious beliefs. Trading between different communities did not happen if the communities did not share some religious beliefs. This is because of the significant importance that people had placed on religion that even influenced the products they bought or sold. This way, trading and markets contributed to religion as an aspect of globalization.

Scholars Argument on 1492

Some scholars have regularly argued that the year 1492 marked the beginning of the modernity in the world and marked the turning point of the world history. Such scholars propose that the origin of modernity can be traced back to the fifteenth century due to the developments that took place in the century in every aspect of life and globalization. In an agreement with the scholars, the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus marked the beginning of a new history in the world. For instance, globalization as a process of integrating European and American ideologies started with the discovery of America.

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These scholars credit the beginning of modernity to the discoveries and explorations made during the fifteenth century that were crowned in the 1492 discovery of America. This discovery created the real contact between European countries and America, an aspect that created a lasting impact on globalization and the birth of modernity. This contact led to diversification of governance and introduction of new economic and trading dynamics in the world, especially Europeans. The contact between European countries and the American nation did not only influence the two continents but also the Asian and eastern countries. In further agreement with the scholars, the period after the fifteenth century was proceeded by the new walk to economic, social and cultural integrations.

The new world economic dynamics was important in solving new world challenges in trade and economic fields. For instance, The Single Whip Law arose from the Chinese world. This was a fiscal law that was instituted in the period of the middle Ming Dynasty just after the 15th century in the early 16th century. The law was enacted throughout the Chinese empire in the late sixteenth century1580. The Chinese government used the law to approach several fiscal challenges that their economy faced during the late fifteenth century extending to the early sixteenth century. Through the events of this century, the time between the fifteenth century and the nineteenth century was made to be focused on industrialization and economic potential. The events in the century became the turning point of the economic systems and, therefore, changing the world political set up.

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In the period between roughly 1200 and 1750, the world experienced remarkable events that marked globalization in respect to various aspects. More specifically, this period was marked with globalization in the aspects of religion, markets and the field of armies. The process of globalization did not only involve the aspects of market, war or religion but other aspects of cultural, economic and political integrations. At the same time, the marks of globalization led to the developments in the fifteenth century that marked a new turn in the world history. Many scholars, therefore, believe that the beginning of the modern world is based on the fifteenth century and specifically the year 1492. In an agreement with the scholars, this century and year was the mark of the discovery of America leading to new world history.


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