Ways of Avoiding a War
Volatility and vulnerability concerning political, social or economic cases are preconditions for a war phenomenon. Being at war means sacrificing current resources for a certain superior purpose, which is frequently related to an extension of its supply. A war case is a popular object of research among scholars such as Clausewitz (2008), Waltz (2001), and Kaku (2011). Using various approaches the scientists highlighted the essence of a war, effects of human behavior on its origin and perspectives of future military conflicts. The analysis of aspects concerning global changes of the modern civilized world makes it possible to conceive necessity of avoiding global disputes and devising relevant ways of establishing a warless society.
The obviousness of arrogance and selfishness as catalysts of conflicts, which lead to a war, is unquestionable and any other factors are derivative (Waltz, 2001). Waltz (2001) suggested that both individuals behavior and nature are crucial causes of a war. In accordance with Freud conceptions, the starting point of a human is ones sexual and aggressive instincts (Brill, 1995). Hostility, capriciousness and aggression are inherent to an individual as well as a genetic code. Intelligence is a source of controlling humans instincts, but such controller is thoroughly ignored when the necessity of surviving springs up. The status-quo of the modern world tells about the matter of limited resources such as energy and provisions. It is pointless to mention any other goods since basic human needs are food and its regular delivery meanwhile any other values derive from the two aforementioned. Thus, deficit and misbalanced distribution of resources accompanied with built-in inclination to aggression claim that a war is inevitable in any case. The proof of such imminence is ceaseless inventions concerning weapon. Equipping and arming contain spirit of fight and menace of bloodshed, but inventing and implanting military appliances are merely preparation for a combat, apprehension of the fight itself (Clausewitz, 2008). Therefore, accumulation of means for military purposes is an indicator of international relations, which are based on the balance of force. Probability of replacing forceful opposition is valid in case of education and intelligence. Beverly Nichols, a writer of the 1930s, emphasized that the only educational dictator might establish peace as the matter of course after taking the world under ones control (Waltz, 2001). Another concept of avoiding a war consists of implanting the understanding that a military clash depletes limited resources twice as much as it usually does during peaceful times (Waltz, 2001). Destructive folly of war is only apprehensible for the well-educated people who make up intelligence. The American philosopher William James shared the same opinion claiming that a human nature is unchangeable but inclined to derivations. The core aspect of his concept was the youth as the world locomotive and one of crucial means of a war (Waltz, 2001). The philosopher considered young people to get involved into erecting skyscrapers, laying roads, working in ships and mine coals and just washing clothes and dishes (Waltz, 2001). However, the way of living offered by him is hardly likely to take place without a relevant intellectual base, which is a jumping-off place for understanding of peace as the only statues-quo, the origin of justice, wealth and prosperity. The world history of conflicts, wars and related developments makes the concepts of overall intelligence and a world educational dictator impossible. The world society has still had gaps between the poor, middle and rich and these circumstances are highly likely to remain permanent. The overall material equality was a very function of communism, but that sick way of living depleted the whole nations instead of starting a wealthy family of united republics. Thus, the world society as a compound entity, which consists of different nations, needs another way of preventing itself from being devastated by an international conflict. The American theoretical physicist Michio Kaku (2011) introduced his own vision of human beings future perspectives, which are the very function of permanent peaceful society. The scientist considered the evolution of civilizations to be made up by four stages. The zero one refers to the modern world, the crucial indicator of this fact is total depletion of crude limited resources meanwhile the first, second, and third stages are the way to high technologies, unlimited resources that are based on the energy of the Universe, which is the power of stars (Kaku, 2011). Kaku (2011) emphasized immense importance of the modern world developments claiming that the globe either pulls through all difficulties of political, economic and environmental cases or shuts itself down. In case of capturing the first stage, any wars would be pointless and worthless. All the societies of the Earth would be integrated to such an extant that tight mutual international bonds and tolerance would stomp any conflicts in embryo. Invention of nanotechnologies would make goods, especially provision, cheaper and more available even for the poor. Universal wealth would be an incentive for growth of tourism sphere, which would give a spurt for integration. The world would turn into vigorous constitution with bonds strong as much as those of a nuclear family. For instance, a nanoreplicator, which is based on nanotechnologies, would produce any goods from cheap material (Kaku, 2011). The concepts of economics would undergo great changes and revaluations as well as a definition such as limited resources would absolutely wear off.
Therefore, the concepts concerning a permanently peaceful society suggest ways of avoiding a war such as overall intelligence, a well-educated dictator and scientific development, which entails cheapening of goods and intensifying of universal prosperity. All of pathways are efficient in theory, but the one offered by Michio Kaku (2011) is to be feasible for implementing. The best proof of it is the EU, as the largest international union of the world, and ceaseless scientific development, which results in astounding technologies for facilitating our ordinary life.
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