Sex Offenders Legislation
Sex Offenders Legislation
Following increased rapes and other sexual offenses to children, there are different pieces of legislation that have been created by the federal government. This is mainly through the Megan Law where sex offenders have been put into different categories depending on the level of danger associated with a particular sex offence (Alexander, 2010). In this paper, rapists and pedophiles as two main categories of sex offenders will be compared, and relevant ways of managing them will be identified.
Pedophiles are adults who have the sexual inclination to children. There are the pedophiles who fixed that their sexual preferences and desires center around children when they began their adolescence. They are highly preoccupied with children and will be emotionally immature forever. In their daily life, they interact more with children and in most cases they will prefer children who are vulnerable in one way or another (Bishop, 2010). These types of sexual offenders are very risky when in the community because they are likely to continue with the offense even after they were gotten. This is because of the interests they develop towards children. Re-offending is the major problem facing this group of sexual offenders. Although many pedophiles begin by developing interests towards children, there are some who are forced by circumstances. When an individual does not have an appropriate partner he or she may opt for a child.
Rapists, on the other hand, are sexual offenders with less emotional attachment to children. Unlike pedophiles, many rapists do not sexually harass children because of the interest they have towards them, rather it is because of circumstances (Briken et al., 2013). The main reason they rape children is anger and hostility built over time to the extent that they have to express them. In most cases, rapists use force because the children do not give in unlike with pedophiles whereby they may use gifts to entice children into sex (Pemberton & Wakeling, 2009). There are also some rapists who will sexually harass children for their own pleasure and excitement. These are people who would enjoy watching the victims shake and tremble.
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Although the importance of reintegration of children sexual offenders into the community has been stressed, there are challenges mainly because of the existing legislation (Briken et al. 2013). Reintegration of these individuals into the community is meant to create good relationships between them and the wider community for accepting their offense and promising to change. The reintegration has to improve the quality of life of the victims although this in most cases does not happen when the victims are exposed to harsh conditions like imprisonment. In other cases, the individuals are tracked all through which makes them vulnerable because they no longer have their right to privacy (Garland, 2011). This mostly happens with rapists because they are feared that they may re-offense. The reintegration may also be challenging because the victims self-esteem is negatively influenced when they are exposed to the public. It demotivates many of them because they will forever be associated with the sexual offense despite how they work to improve their quality of life.
One alternative to the current sex offender legislation is rehabilitation of the victims in special facilities where they are away from the public. This is crucial because at the end of the day change has to be self-initiated (Alexander, 2010). In addition, victims will only lead a quality life if they decide to change rather than being forced to change. Rehabilitation can be the best alternative compared to imprisonment where the victims will become worse. Since pedophiles are directed by their interests, they can be helped in the rehabilitation centers to change their interests from children to their fellow adults. In addition, other issues which lead them to the crime can be well addressed when they are separated from the community.
Isolation is another solution to the current sex offender legislation. This is the best alternative for rapists because they use force and informing the community about them may not have much significance (Pemberton & Wakeling, 2009). Isolation is a preventive measure because victims will fear the outcomes since no one would prefer living in isolation. Isolation is more of a preventive measure because it will make sexual offenders cool their anger when they remember the outcomes of rape (Bishop, 2010). Rapists are a big threat to the community because of the impact they have on the children they rape. Therefore, stern measures like isolation and punishment are crucial for this.
In conclusion, the legislation that has been adopted regarding children sexual offenders is effective although it still needs to be strengthened. Since there are different typologies of these offenders, different ways of addressing each group should be adopted. For instance, comparing pedophiles with rapists, reintegration into the community would work easily for pedophiles because when the children are made aware they will take caution. On the other hand, this will not work for rapists because they use force and informing the community will not help. Therefore, the legislation has to be made depending on the typology of child sexual offense.