Nov 16, 2020 in Politics

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Analysis of the Iran Politics

In recent years, Iran has become the center of attention for the entire world community. This is primarily due to the strengthening of the Islamic factor in the life of the Muslim countries, the Iranian nuclear program, and the increased role of the U.S. in the region of the Middle East. Iran is the main opponent of the U.S. in the Middle East and the whole world. One of the main objectives of the United States is regime change in Iran and the elimination of a theocratic state that is known as one of the forms of authoritarian rule (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.61). These factors predetermine the home and foreign policy of the country that represents a state with a rare form of rule in which religious leaders rule directly (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.61).

 

The characteristics of authoritarian rulers are as follows. The first feature is that authoritarian rulers maintain a strong military and security presence (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.60). That is why in order to obtain the absolute power, the government spends a lot on the armed forces (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.61).

Secondly, the politics of Iran is characterized by instability as ... authoritarian governments are corrupt. Institutions are weak but pragmatic alliances are strong, holding the regime together (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.58). In addition, private patronage that exists in the country results in the weakening of banking sector, reduction of investment, and division into insiders and outsiders (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.62). As Rod Hague and Martin Harrop conclude, authoritarian politics is typically driven by fear and vulnerability (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.62).

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After the revolution, Iran started to promote its independence and advocated a traditional Islamic republic free from foreign domination (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.72). The leaders created neither East nor West unique Islamic state with its own rules. Now, all the power belongs to the religious leaders; they govern directly changing constitution according to the Islamic law. Some try to prove that the countrys laws are separated from the religion; however, religion is still the basis for all the changes that happen in Irans political life.

Analysis shows several reasons of the isolation of self-restraint and the confrontation between Iran and the United States. Firstly, Iran intends to occupy a dominant position in solving the problems associated with the production and distribution of hydrocarbons in the Gulf. Secondly, it is directly or indirectly involved in conflicts in Muslim countries and Muslim minorities in the Middle East and South Asia. Thirdly, Iran considers itself to be a major contender for Turkey 's sphere of influence in Central Asia and the Caucasus.

Foreign policy issues are one of the deepest and most difficult questions of social science factors that cause hundreds of social, cultural, economic, political, historical, and technical internal and external political issues. One of the principles of Iran is protecting the interests of the country; it means that the planning and conduct of foreign policy is aimed at disseminating the values?of the Islamic revolution worldwide. The promotion of the political and economic interests of Iran will be provided only by means of the materialization of the Divine purposes and Islamic moral standards globally (White, 2014). On this basis, The cornerstone of Irans foreign policy and its dignity is part of the implementation of this course( Jeffrey, 2014).

 
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The main goals and objectives of Irans foreign policy against foreign nations in order to protect its national interests concern international politics and international relations.

Iran's foreign policy is characterized by a specific fact that functioning of the diverse institutions influences the process of making key foreign policy decisions, its dynamism, and, at the same time, a certain stability, permanence, conservatism.

The development of Iran's foreign politics is a constant regional policy of Iran regardless of the political regime in the country. The struggle for the expansion of political influence is combined with the efforts to weaken Irans main competitors and reduce potential threats. Thus, the policy of Iran during the reign of Imam Khomeini that was based on religious concepts was associated with large changes. In fact, it was the reason of Irans international isolation, which negatively affected the country's economic development. The need to modernize the economy forced Iran to abandon the militant ideology.

One of the key problems of international policy of many countries is linked to Iran's nuclear program. The West suspects the Islamic Republic of secret developing nuclear weapons that can lead to conflicts of the global significance. On the one hand, Iran tries to ensure its independence and, on the other hand, it exposes attacks of the countries whose interests are affected by possible nuclear weapons in Iran.

In turn, Iran accuses the U.S. of carrying out the policy of double standards and assures peaceful nature of its program. Israel has repeatedly said about the possibility of solving the Iranian problem by military means. Anyway, the civilized world is trying to block Islamic red button in various ways.

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To conclude, Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocratic state, the political system that is based on Islamic principles in conjunction with the institutions of republican government. Unlike other countries in which the source of power and law is the people's will, in Iran these are recorded in the Qur'an Islamic principles (Article 4). The questions of national will, sovereignty, and state government are considered through the prism of these dogmas, (Article 1- 2 of the Irans Constitution). Religious leaders develop the policy of the country.

Though the authoritarian rule is characterized as a religious society is one thing; a clerical government is quite another (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p. 72), in Iran, religious and civil leadership is often in the same hands (Hague & Harrop, 2013, p.72).

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