Media Coverage of Terrorism 2
Media Coverage of Terrorism 2
International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) was established in the year 2001 with the main intention of offering security in Afghanistan. Its mission was to provide training to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and at the same time assist in rebuilding of the state and government institutions in addition to conducting counternarcotic campaigns. The ISAF is now a major component of international engagement in Afghanistan community as they support the growth of structures for the authorities, wage wars on drugs and promote a secure environment for the governance to thrive. The priority of the organization is to increase the Afghan force capabilities and capacity, a mission that has been ongoing since 2011. Currently, ISAF is also involved in the Taliban insurgency, an operation that began in 2001.
ISAF has been successful in its mission because of the great leadership of the organization. One of the notable leaders is Gen. John F. Campbell who was the US Army general and retired since. He was succeeded by John William Nicholson, Jr. who took over the role of a commander on March 2, 2016. Nicholson is also a US Army general who has been awarded several medals for his distinguished services. The deputy commander who works side by side with the commander is Lt. Gen. Carsten Jacobson who is a German Army officer. Mark Alexander Milley is a United States Army officer and the chief of staff of ISAF. The role of these leaders is to secure Afghan nationals with the bright future.
The performance of ISAF is known all over the world, and this has been attributed to the media, which have both criticized and praised the organization at the same time. However, it is worth commending the media for their contribution because they enable people to get information about the establishment that is aims at helping and developing the state. Agricultural tasks and development of ISAF have been analyzed and covered by several media stations. According to the report by Alexander K. Stewart (2014), an editor of Science and Diplomacy publications, the US Army has founded an organization known as Army Agriculture Development Teams (ADT). The latter comprises of unique soldiers whose role is to provide expertise skills in rural agriculture for development purposes. Their goal is to improve stability and at the same time win minds and hearts of the Afghan citizens with regard to this progress in order to make their nation a better place. ADT educate the local communities and conduct follow-ups to assess their agricultural prosperity (Stewart, 2014). ISAF has provided handbooks to those individuals who are working and leading the project to ensure the consistent approach. The agricultural project is not only operated, sustained and maintained by ISAF; moreover, it is funded by the US government not as charity, but as the means to support the legitimacy of the Afghan administration.
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In another report by Kenneth Katzman (2016) who is a specialist in the Middle Eastern state affairs mentioned that the US has boosted the agricultural sector in Afghanistan. Through USAID, which was monitored and led by ISAF, Afghanistan managed to double its productive output within a span of five years. Another story of success that Katzman outlined is the way in which the US aided Afghan export growth of pomegranate juice known as Anar (Katzman, 2016). The presence of ISAF in the nation has seen its rise to be an exporter of agricultural goods. Today, the country is again self-sufficient with its wheat production, which it exports to other states such as the UK.
According to Michael Schultze-Kraft (2014), Afghanistan is devoted to the cultivation of wheat, which comprises 70 percent of its grown crops. Furthermore, it is a staple food that people consider as part of their diet because of its caloric content. Schultze-Kraft (2014) has mentioned the way in which national political instability prevented the country from economical thriving especially in agriculture. However, things are different today with the presence of ISAF and other organizations that aim at creating peace in the state.
Based on these reports, it is evident that media coverage of particular events can influence the societys opinion regarding governmental affairs. In the case of Afghanistan, it is apparent that media changed citizens viewpoint about the nation being unsafe and having unstable political system. When people have bad attitude towards activities of the authorities, it will affect political polling. On the other hand, media coverage, especially, of terrorist attacks can have a negative impact on the economy, agriculture, transportation and the local communities. It is because they instill fear in the society so that investors shirk from facing the public. Additionally, those who already exist may want to continue with their performance because of political unpredictability, which will in turn damage the economy and all other sectors.
However, when a country like the US efficiently responds to attacks, it psychologically influences the citizens by shaping their opinions regarding the strong government. For instance, the media coverage on positive sides of ISAF in Afghanistan particularly their development mission makes people have faith in their nation and leadership as a whole. Most authorities implement the fear management techniques in order to minimize psychological impacts that the media has on humans. For example, conflict resolution and mediation techniques have been useful in controlling apprehension since people feel that other states are concerned about or involved in the issues affecting them.
In conclusion, media coverage of various incidences has its positive and negative sides because of the influence it has on human thoughts. ISAF is the event that has been obscured by the media around the globe but in one way or another, it received both favorable and hostile reviews. It is high time that the world considers ISAF as an organization that purports to help Afghan citizens rather than create more problems.