Nov 14, 2020 in Politics


The Main Differences between the U.S. House and Senate

The House of Representatives and the Senate of the United States have many differences. These are chambers of the Congress presenting the national legislation and divided into different committees that are specialized in areas. The Senate has powers of appointing judges and legislative authority, while the House of Representatives may initiate bills, vote for the impeachment of officials and choose the President. Though it is important to remember that there are many differences between these two chambers, the main important one is their view on the political situation in the country.


The House of Representatives and the Senate are mostly differentiated by district numbers and terms, during which their representatives serve. It should be stated also that both include women and men as representatives and senators working together towards achieving the same the goal of discussing, voting and creating bills and laws. As a result, experienced legislators serve in the Congress (Bureau of International Information Programs 48). Vacancies of senators are filled by appointments made by the state governor. The United States Vice President serves as the Senate President voting in special cases. As for the House of Representatives, its members can be elected from the geographic area that is defined in a state and that is called a congressional district (Stern, 41). The next territories of the United States have the nonvoting representation in it, namely, the District of Columbia, Guam, Samoa, U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Northern Mariana Islands. Vacancies are filled in most cases by means of a special or general election (Fowler, 45). All representatives serve a two-year term without limits of the terms number. The Speaker is a leading chamber officer in the House of Representatives and a member of the major party.

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The House has the impeachment power and officials legal removal, as well as adopts laws related to taxation. Some special responsibilities are not shared with the Senate and include the power of impeachment of the Justices of the Supreme Court and the President. The House may select the President in cases when the candidate that is non-presidential may receive the electoral votes majority. In this situation, each representative of the state has one vote only (Manning). On the contrary, the privilege of the Senate is the power of approving treaties. It is considered an Upper Chamber (Federal Election Commission). The Senate approves or rejects treaties that may be negotiated by the President. Although it shares broad legislative powers with the House of Representatives, but some unique responsibilities arise. It confirms appointments made by the President to the Supreme Court, as well as lower federal courts and the key positions of the Executive Branch. In impeachment cases, the President or the Supreme Court member and the Senate in full force can conduct trials as a jury.

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The two chambers were designed to operate differently because of their different roles in society. The House of Representatives represents the population and common people, while the Senate advocates the populace and states. The Virginia Plan endorsed by Thomas Jefferson outlined that a group of representatives was elected based on the sizes of population, and many states could have a voice in some issues of legislature. On the contrary, the New Jersey Plan was a structure proposal by the Government of the United States and a Virginia Plan response that called for the limited number of members of the Congress to be elected by means of an appointment from states.

To conclude, it can be noted that differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate are large. The latter is a small institution and an individual senator can change the events course while in the minority also. However, the majority controls everything, and an individual member does not have rights to change laws, while in the minority as well. Despite differences in its integral parts, the Congress has a great meaning in the building of the United States economy.


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