Texas is the second largest state after Alaska in the United States of America. It is geographically positioned in the southern part of the country. It has the population of around twenty-seven million residents, which is growing steadily. Texas politics is influenced by the intersection of the government and the economy. Governmental actions in regard with the latter mostly cover basic aspects like employment and infrastructure improvement aimed to facilitate living conditions. On the other hand, politicians together with their political parties cannot cease causing so much drama, namely, division in society due to differences in their personal interests and opinions. It results into the diversity and complexity of politics in Texas. In modern times, numerous components of Texas politics refer to three ideological aspects, which include social conservation, populism, and economic moderation. These three tendencies are the basic forces of political culture.
The United States of America government states that the governor is the chief executive of the state and is elected every four years. He or she is exclusively responsible for implementating state laws and supervising the operation of the state executive branch. The governor is also the commander-in-chief of the military within the state, who also signs bills approved by the legislature. The governor can summon special sessions of the legislature for precise purposes, declare a special election in order to appoint new persons to certain positions, and also estimates the amount needed to be raised by taxation. The Texan governor has the power to appoint qualified Texan citizens to state positions and grant an amnesty to inmates upon the approval of the Board of Pardon and Paroles. However, the president acts as a USA commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, namely, Air Force, Marines, and the Army. He is also a chief diplomat, who makes decisions on the foreign policy lead by the country. The president acts as a chief guardian of the economy. Besides, it is within his jurisdiction to control the Congress in legislative activities. He is a chief of the state and a head of the executive (Maxwell, Crain, & Santos, 2014, p. 223).
The Texas House of Representatives is composed of 150 members, which are elected for a two-year term. In order to be elected, he or she must be a citizen of the United States of America, at least twenty-one years old, and a legitimate voter of the state. Moreover, the candidate must be a resident of the state for at least two years from the previous elections and a resident of the district, from which he or she has been chosen. The Texas legislature conducts meetings and regular sessions for five months every year. There is an exception for special meetings, which can only be summoned by the governor and can last for up to a maximum of thirty days unless otherwise agreed upon. The House of Representatives is tasked with making and passing laws, introducing bills and resolutions, and offering amendments. Similarly, the Congress has the main function of making laws of the United States of America. In addition, it has the mandate of impeaching the President. It is only achievable through a two-thirds vote. At the beginning of every regular session, members of the House of Representatives elect one among themselves to serve as a presiding officer or rather a speaker of the House. His or her duty is to maintain order in the latter, recognize members during a discussion, and rule procedural issues. In addition, he or she can send a bill for committee reviews. Unlike other legislatures, minority and majority leaders are not recognized according to the rules of the House of Representatives.
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It is a very interesting coincidence that the Texan judicial system contains two different courts, namely, the Supreme Court and the Court of Criminal Appeals. The former handles civil law cases while the latter reviews criminal ones. It is the only authority capable of licensing attorneys and assigning members of the Board of Law Examiners. It also has administrative control over the State Bar of Texas, unlike the U.S. Supreme Court that has a special power of checking actions of the Congress and the President. Both the Texas Supreme Court and the U.S. Supreme Court are composed of the Chief Justice plus eight additional justices. Situated in Austin, the former has the final word on matters pertaining to civil law. Similarly, the U.S. Supreme Court deals with issues involving laws passed by the Congress and the Constitution.. The Supreme Court justices are elected through elections, whenever there is a vacancy. The acting governor has the power to appoint a justice approved by the Senate before assuming office for the remaining duration (Cheek & Champagne, 2005, p. 69).
To conclude, Texas as a state has a well-established and organized governance structure ranging from the governor to the judiciary. The government includes citizens at large bringing the meaning of democracy to other nations to embrace. Under the leadership of governor Perry, Texas is the best place to live in due to proper education provided and ensured by the increment in teachers salary of up to $2,000 and reintroduction of basic subjects like history, science, and math. Reasonable taxes and total security make Texas a perfect place to start a business. Long live America, long live Texas.